2011, 30(4): 1095-1106. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2011.30.1095

Counterexamples in non-positive curvature

1. 

Université de Bretagne Occidentale, 6 av. Le Gorgeu, 29238 Brest cedex, France

2. 

LAMFA, Université Picardie Jules Verne, 33 rue St Leu 80000 Amiens, France

Received  April 2010 Revised  August 2010 Published  May 2011

We give examples of rank one compact surfaces on which there exist recurrent geodesics that cannot be shadowed by periodic geodesics. We build rank one compact surfaces such that ergodic measures on the unit tangent bundle of the surface are not dense in the set of probability measures invariant by the geodesic flow. Finally, we give examples of complete rank one surfaces for which the non wandering set of the geodesic flow is connected, the periodic orbits are dense in that set, yet the geodesic flow is not transitive in restriction to its non wandering set.
Citation: Yves Coudène, Barbara Schapira. Counterexamples in non-positive curvature. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2011, 30 (4) : 1095-1106. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2011.30.1095
References:
[1]

D. V. Anosov, Geodesic flows on closed riemannian manifolds with negative curvature,, Proc. Steklov Inst. Math., 90 (1967).

[2]

W. Ballmann, M. Brin and R. Spatzier, Structure of manifolds of nonpositive curvature. II,, Ann. of Math., 122 (1985), 205. doi: 10.2307/1971303.

[3]

P. Billingsley, Convergence of probability measures,, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics: Probability and Statistics, (1999).

[4]

Yu. D. Burago and S. Z. Shefel, The geometry of surfaces in Euclidean spaces,, Geometry, III, 48 (1992), 1.

[5]

Y. Coudene and B. Schapira, Generic measures for hyperbolic flows on non-compact spaces,, Israel J. Math., 179 (2010), 157. doi: 10.1007/s11856-010-0076-z.

[6]

P. Eberlein, Geodesic flows on negatively curved manifolds I,, Ann. Math. II Ser., 95 (1972), 492. doi: 10.2307/1970869.

[7]

P. Eberlein, "Geometry of Nonpositively Curved Manifolds,", Chicago Lectures in Mathematics, (1996).

[8]

J. Hadamard, Les surfaces courbures opposées et leurs lignes géodésiques,, dans Oeuvres (1898), 2 (1898), 729.

[9]

G. Knieper, Hyperbolic dynamics and Riemannian geometry,, Handbook of Dynamical Systems, 1A (2002), 453.

[10]

G. Link, M. Peigné and J. C. Picaud, Sur les surfaces non-compactes de rang un,, L'enseignement Mathématique, 52 (2006), 3.

[11]

C. Robinson, Dynamical systems. Stability, symbolic dynamics, and chaos,, Studies in Advanced Mathematics, (1999).

[12]

K. Sigmund, On the space of invariant measures for hyperbolic flows,, Amer. J. Math., 94 (1972), 31. doi: 10.2307/2373591.

show all references

References:
[1]

D. V. Anosov, Geodesic flows on closed riemannian manifolds with negative curvature,, Proc. Steklov Inst. Math., 90 (1967).

[2]

W. Ballmann, M. Brin and R. Spatzier, Structure of manifolds of nonpositive curvature. II,, Ann. of Math., 122 (1985), 205. doi: 10.2307/1971303.

[3]

P. Billingsley, Convergence of probability measures,, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics: Probability and Statistics, (1999).

[4]

Yu. D. Burago and S. Z. Shefel, The geometry of surfaces in Euclidean spaces,, Geometry, III, 48 (1992), 1.

[5]

Y. Coudene and B. Schapira, Generic measures for hyperbolic flows on non-compact spaces,, Israel J. Math., 179 (2010), 157. doi: 10.1007/s11856-010-0076-z.

[6]

P. Eberlein, Geodesic flows on negatively curved manifolds I,, Ann. Math. II Ser., 95 (1972), 492. doi: 10.2307/1970869.

[7]

P. Eberlein, "Geometry of Nonpositively Curved Manifolds,", Chicago Lectures in Mathematics, (1996).

[8]

J. Hadamard, Les surfaces courbures opposées et leurs lignes géodésiques,, dans Oeuvres (1898), 2 (1898), 729.

[9]

G. Knieper, Hyperbolic dynamics and Riemannian geometry,, Handbook of Dynamical Systems, 1A (2002), 453.

[10]

G. Link, M. Peigné and J. C. Picaud, Sur les surfaces non-compactes de rang un,, L'enseignement Mathématique, 52 (2006), 3.

[11]

C. Robinson, Dynamical systems. Stability, symbolic dynamics, and chaos,, Studies in Advanced Mathematics, (1999).

[12]

K. Sigmund, On the space of invariant measures for hyperbolic flows,, Amer. J. Math., 94 (1972), 31. doi: 10.2307/2373591.

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