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2016, 36(12): 6943-6974. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016102

Random data Cauchy problem for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with derivative nonlinearity

1. 

Organization for Promotion of Tenure Track, University of Miyazaki, 1-1, Gakuenkibanadai-nishi, Miyazaki, 889-2192, Japan

2. 

Division of Mathematics and Physics, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, 4-17-1 Wakasato, Nagano City, 380-8553, Japan

Received  February 2016 Revised  March 2016 Published  October 2016

We consider the Cauchy problem for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with derivative nonlinearity $(i\partial _t + \Delta ) u= \pm \partial (\overline{u}^m)$ on $\mathbb{R} ^d$, $d \ge 1$, with random initial data, where $\partial$ is a first order derivative with respect to the spatial variable, for example a linear combination of $\frac{\partial}{\partial x_1} , \, \dots , \, \frac{\partial}{\partial x_d}$ or $|\nabla |= \mathcal{F}^{-1}[|\xi | \mathcal{F}]$. We prove that almost sure local in time well-posedness, small data global in time well-posedness and scattering hold in $H^s(\mathbb{R} ^d)$ with $s> \max \left( \frac{d-1}{d} s_c , \frac{s_c}{2}, s_c - \frac{d}{2(d+1)} \right)$ for $d+m \ge 5$, where $s$ is below the scaling critical regularity $s_c := \frac{d}{2}-\frac{1}{m-1}$.
Citation: Hiroyuki Hirayama, Mamoru Okamoto. Random data Cauchy problem for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with derivative nonlinearity. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2016, 36 (12) : 6943-6974. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016102
References:
[1]

Á. Bényi, T. Oh and O. Pocovnicu, Wiener randomization on unbounded domains and an application to almost sure well-posedness of NLS,, Excursion in Harmonic Analysis, 4 (2015), 3. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-20188-7_1.

[2]

Á. Bényi, T. Oh and O. Pocovnicu, On the probabilistic Cauchy theory of the cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation on $\mathbbR^d$, $d \ge 3$,, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. Ser. B, 2 (2015), 1. doi: 10.1090/btran/6.

[3]

H. Biagioni and F. Linares, Ill-posedness for the derivative Schrödinger and generalized Benjamin-Ono equations,, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 353 (2001), 3649. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-01-02754-4.

[4]

J. Bourgain, Periodic nonlinear Schrödinger equation and invariant measures,, Comm. Math. Phys., 166 (1994), 1. doi: 10.1007/BF02099299.

[5]

J. Bourgain, Invariant measures for the 2D-defocusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation,, Comm. Math. Phys., 176 (1996), 421. doi: 10.1007/BF02099556.

[6]

J. Bourgain, Refinements of Strichartz' inequality and applications to 2D-NLS with critical nonlinearity,, Internat. Math. Res. Notices, (1998), 253. doi: 10.1155/S1073792898000191.

[7]

J. Bourgain and A. Bulut, Almost sure global well posedness for the radial nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the unit ball I: The 2D case,, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 31 (2014), 1267. doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2013.09.002.

[8]

J. Bourgain and A. Bulut, Almost sure global well-posedness for the radial nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the unit ball II: The 3d case,, J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS), 16 (2014), 1289. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/461.

[9]

N. Burq and N. Tzvetkov, Random data Cauchy theory for supercritical wave equations I: local theory,, Invent. Math., 173 (2008), 449. doi: 10.1007/s00222-008-0124-z.

[10]

N. Burq and N. Tzvetkov, Random data Cauchy theory for supercritical wave equations II: a global existence result,, Invent. Math., 173 (2008), 477. doi: 10.1007/s00222-008-0123-0.

[11]

N. Burq and N. Tzvetkov, Probabilistic well-posedness for the cubic wave equation,, J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS), 16 (2014), 1. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/426.

[12]

J. Colliander, J. Delort, C. Kenig and G. Staffilani, Bilinear estimates and applications to 2D NLS,, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 353 (2001), 3307. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-01-02760-X.

[13]

J. Colliander, M. Keel, G. Staffilani, H. Takaoka and T. Tao, Global well-posedness result for Schrödigner equations with derivative,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 33 (2001), 649. doi: 10.1137/S0036141001384387.

[14]

J. Colliander, M. Keel, G. Staffilani, H. Takaoka and T. Tao, A refined global well-posedness result for Schrödigner equations with derivative,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 34 (2002), 64. doi: 10.1137/S0036141001394541.

[15]

J. Colliander, M. Keel, G. Staffilani, H. Takaoka and T.Tao, Global well-posedness and scattering for the energy-critical nonlinear Schrödinger equation in $\mathbbR^{3}$,, Ann. of Math., 167 (2008), 767. doi: 10.4007/annals.2008.167.767.

[16]

J. Colliander and T. Oh, Almost sure well-posedness of the cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation below $L^2(\mathbbT)$,, Duke Math. J., 161 (2012), 367. doi: 10.1215/00127094-1507400.

[17]

C. Deng and S. Cui, Random-data Cauchy problem for the Navier-Stokes equations on $\mathbbT ^3$,, J. Differential Equations, 251 (2011), 902. doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2011.05.002.

[18]

A. Grünrock, On the Cauchy - and periodic boundary value problem for a certain class of derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equations,, , ().

[19]

M. Hadac, S. Herr and H. Koch, Well-posedness and scattering for the KP-II equation in a critical space,, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré, 26 (2009), 917. doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2008.04.002.

[20]

N. Hayashi and T. Ozawa, On the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation,, Phys. D, 55 (1992), 14. doi: 10.1016/0167-2789(92)90185-P.

[21]

N. Hayashi, The initial value problem for the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation in the energy space,, Nonlinear Anal., 20 (1993), 823. doi: 10.1016/0362-546X(93)90071-Y.

[22]

S. Herr, On the Cauchy Problem for the Derivative Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation with Periodic Boundary Condition,, Int. Math. Res. Not., (2006). doi: 10.1155/IMRN/2006/96763.

[23]

H. Hirayama, Well-posedness and scattering for a system of quadratic derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equations with low regularity initial data,, Comm. Pure Appl. Anal., 13 (2014), 1563. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.1563.

[24]

H. Hirayama, Well-posedness and scattering for nonlinear Schrödinger equations with a derivative nonlinearity at the scaling critical regularity,, Funkcialaj Ekvacioj, 58 (2015), 431. doi: 10.1619/fesi.58.431.

[25]

H. Hirayama and M. Okamoto, Random data Cauchy theory for the fourth order nonlinear Schrödinger equation with cubic nonlinearity,, , ().

[26]

S. Herr, D. Tataru and N. Tzvetkov, Global well-posedness of the energy-critical nonlinear Schrödinger equation with small initial data in $H^1 (\mathbbT^3)$,, Duke Math. J., 159 (2011), 329. doi: 10.1215/00127094-1415889.

[27]

M. Ikeda, N. Kishimoto and M. Okamoto, Well-posedness for a quadratic derivative nonlinear schrödinger system at the critical regularity,, Journal of Functional Analysis, 271 (2016), 747. doi: 10.1016/j.jfa.2016.05.009.

[28]

J. Lührmann and D. Mendelson, Random data Cauchy theory for nonlinear wave equations of power-type on $\mathbbR^3$,, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 39 (2014), 2262. doi: 10.1080/03605302.2014.933239.

[29]

R. Mosincat and T. Oh, A remark on global well-posedness of the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the circle,, C. R. Math. Acad. Sci. Paris, 353 (2015), 837. doi: 10.1016/j.crma.2015.06.015.

[30]

A. S. Nahmod and G. Staffilani, Almost sure well-posedness for the periodic 3D quintic nonlinear Schrödinger equation below the energy space,, J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS), 17 (2015), 1687. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/543.

[31]

H. Takaoka, Well-posedness for the one dimensional Schrödinger equation with the derivative nonlinearity,, Adv. Diff. Eqns., 4 (1999), 561.

[32]

H. Takaoka, Global well-posedness for Schrödinger equations with derivative in a nonlinear term and data in low-order Sobolev spaces,, Electron. J. Diff. Eqns., 42 (2001), 1.

[33]

L. Thomann, Random data Cauchy problem for supercritical Schrödinger equations,, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 26 (2009), 2385. doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2009.06.001.

[34]

Y. Wu, Global well-posedness for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with derivative in energy space,, Anal. PDE, 6 (2013), 1989. doi: 10.2140/apde.2013.6.1989.

[35]

T. Zhang and D. Fang, Random data Cauchy theory for the generalized incompressible Navier-Stokes equations,, J. Math. Fluid Mech., 14 (2012), 311. doi: 10.1007/s00021-011-0069-7.

[36]

S. Zhong, The Cauchy problem of null form wave equation on $\mathbbT^d$ with random initial data,, Funkcial. Ekvac., 55 (2012), 367. doi: 10.1619/fesi.55.367.

show all references

References:
[1]

Á. Bényi, T. Oh and O. Pocovnicu, Wiener randomization on unbounded domains and an application to almost sure well-posedness of NLS,, Excursion in Harmonic Analysis, 4 (2015), 3. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-20188-7_1.

[2]

Á. Bényi, T. Oh and O. Pocovnicu, On the probabilistic Cauchy theory of the cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation on $\mathbbR^d$, $d \ge 3$,, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. Ser. B, 2 (2015), 1. doi: 10.1090/btran/6.

[3]

H. Biagioni and F. Linares, Ill-posedness for the derivative Schrödinger and generalized Benjamin-Ono equations,, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 353 (2001), 3649. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-01-02754-4.

[4]

J. Bourgain, Periodic nonlinear Schrödinger equation and invariant measures,, Comm. Math. Phys., 166 (1994), 1. doi: 10.1007/BF02099299.

[5]

J. Bourgain, Invariant measures for the 2D-defocusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation,, Comm. Math. Phys., 176 (1996), 421. doi: 10.1007/BF02099556.

[6]

J. Bourgain, Refinements of Strichartz' inequality and applications to 2D-NLS with critical nonlinearity,, Internat. Math. Res. Notices, (1998), 253. doi: 10.1155/S1073792898000191.

[7]

J. Bourgain and A. Bulut, Almost sure global well posedness for the radial nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the unit ball I: The 2D case,, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 31 (2014), 1267. doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2013.09.002.

[8]

J. Bourgain and A. Bulut, Almost sure global well-posedness for the radial nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the unit ball II: The 3d case,, J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS), 16 (2014), 1289. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/461.

[9]

N. Burq and N. Tzvetkov, Random data Cauchy theory for supercritical wave equations I: local theory,, Invent. Math., 173 (2008), 449. doi: 10.1007/s00222-008-0124-z.

[10]

N. Burq and N. Tzvetkov, Random data Cauchy theory for supercritical wave equations II: a global existence result,, Invent. Math., 173 (2008), 477. doi: 10.1007/s00222-008-0123-0.

[11]

N. Burq and N. Tzvetkov, Probabilistic well-posedness for the cubic wave equation,, J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS), 16 (2014), 1. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/426.

[12]

J. Colliander, J. Delort, C. Kenig and G. Staffilani, Bilinear estimates and applications to 2D NLS,, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 353 (2001), 3307. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-01-02760-X.

[13]

J. Colliander, M. Keel, G. Staffilani, H. Takaoka and T. Tao, Global well-posedness result for Schrödigner equations with derivative,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 33 (2001), 649. doi: 10.1137/S0036141001384387.

[14]

J. Colliander, M. Keel, G. Staffilani, H. Takaoka and T. Tao, A refined global well-posedness result for Schrödigner equations with derivative,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 34 (2002), 64. doi: 10.1137/S0036141001394541.

[15]

J. Colliander, M. Keel, G. Staffilani, H. Takaoka and T.Tao, Global well-posedness and scattering for the energy-critical nonlinear Schrödinger equation in $\mathbbR^{3}$,, Ann. of Math., 167 (2008), 767. doi: 10.4007/annals.2008.167.767.

[16]

J. Colliander and T. Oh, Almost sure well-posedness of the cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation below $L^2(\mathbbT)$,, Duke Math. J., 161 (2012), 367. doi: 10.1215/00127094-1507400.

[17]

C. Deng and S. Cui, Random-data Cauchy problem for the Navier-Stokes equations on $\mathbbT ^3$,, J. Differential Equations, 251 (2011), 902. doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2011.05.002.

[18]

A. Grünrock, On the Cauchy - and periodic boundary value problem for a certain class of derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equations,, , ().

[19]

M. Hadac, S. Herr and H. Koch, Well-posedness and scattering for the KP-II equation in a critical space,, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré, 26 (2009), 917. doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2008.04.002.

[20]

N. Hayashi and T. Ozawa, On the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation,, Phys. D, 55 (1992), 14. doi: 10.1016/0167-2789(92)90185-P.

[21]

N. Hayashi, The initial value problem for the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation in the energy space,, Nonlinear Anal., 20 (1993), 823. doi: 10.1016/0362-546X(93)90071-Y.

[22]

S. Herr, On the Cauchy Problem for the Derivative Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation with Periodic Boundary Condition,, Int. Math. Res. Not., (2006). doi: 10.1155/IMRN/2006/96763.

[23]

H. Hirayama, Well-posedness and scattering for a system of quadratic derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equations with low regularity initial data,, Comm. Pure Appl. Anal., 13 (2014), 1563. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.1563.

[24]

H. Hirayama, Well-posedness and scattering for nonlinear Schrödinger equations with a derivative nonlinearity at the scaling critical regularity,, Funkcialaj Ekvacioj, 58 (2015), 431. doi: 10.1619/fesi.58.431.

[25]

H. Hirayama and M. Okamoto, Random data Cauchy theory for the fourth order nonlinear Schrödinger equation with cubic nonlinearity,, , ().

[26]

S. Herr, D. Tataru and N. Tzvetkov, Global well-posedness of the energy-critical nonlinear Schrödinger equation with small initial data in $H^1 (\mathbbT^3)$,, Duke Math. J., 159 (2011), 329. doi: 10.1215/00127094-1415889.

[27]

M. Ikeda, N. Kishimoto and M. Okamoto, Well-posedness for a quadratic derivative nonlinear schrödinger system at the critical regularity,, Journal of Functional Analysis, 271 (2016), 747. doi: 10.1016/j.jfa.2016.05.009.

[28]

J. Lührmann and D. Mendelson, Random data Cauchy theory for nonlinear wave equations of power-type on $\mathbbR^3$,, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 39 (2014), 2262. doi: 10.1080/03605302.2014.933239.

[29]

R. Mosincat and T. Oh, A remark on global well-posedness of the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation on the circle,, C. R. Math. Acad. Sci. Paris, 353 (2015), 837. doi: 10.1016/j.crma.2015.06.015.

[30]

A. S. Nahmod and G. Staffilani, Almost sure well-posedness for the periodic 3D quintic nonlinear Schrödinger equation below the energy space,, J. Eur. Math. Soc. (JEMS), 17 (2015), 1687. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/543.

[31]

H. Takaoka, Well-posedness for the one dimensional Schrödinger equation with the derivative nonlinearity,, Adv. Diff. Eqns., 4 (1999), 561.

[32]

H. Takaoka, Global well-posedness for Schrödinger equations with derivative in a nonlinear term and data in low-order Sobolev spaces,, Electron. J. Diff. Eqns., 42 (2001), 1.

[33]

L. Thomann, Random data Cauchy problem for supercritical Schrödinger equations,, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 26 (2009), 2385. doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2009.06.001.

[34]

Y. Wu, Global well-posedness for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with derivative in energy space,, Anal. PDE, 6 (2013), 1989. doi: 10.2140/apde.2013.6.1989.

[35]

T. Zhang and D. Fang, Random data Cauchy theory for the generalized incompressible Navier-Stokes equations,, J. Math. Fluid Mech., 14 (2012), 311. doi: 10.1007/s00021-011-0069-7.

[36]

S. Zhong, The Cauchy problem of null form wave equation on $\mathbbT^d$ with random initial data,, Funkcial. Ekvac., 55 (2012), 367. doi: 10.1619/fesi.55.367.

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