ISSN:

1531-3492

eISSN:

1553-524X

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## Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B

June 2018 , Volume 23 , Issue 4

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*+*[Abstract](3073)

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**Abstract:**

We consider an optimal control problem associated to Dirichlet boundary value problem for non-linear elliptic equation on a bounded domain

*+*[Abstract](2946)

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**Abstract:**

This paper is dedicated to the study of the Cauchy problem for a compressible viscous liquid-gas two-phase flow model in

*+*[Abstract](3048)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we investigate global existence and asymptotic behavior of strong solutions for the viscous liquid-gas two-phase flow model in a bounded domain with no-slip boundary. The global existence and uniqueness of strong solutions are obtained when the initial data is near its equilibrium in

*+*[Abstract](3414)

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**Abstract:**

We study the spectrum of a new class of nonlocal eigenvalue problems (NLEPs) that characterize the linear stability properties of localized spike solutions to the singularly perturbed two-component Gierer-Meinhardt (GM) reaction-diffusion (RD) system with a fixed time-delay **72**(8), (2010)] on the effect of gene expression time delays on spatial patterning for both the GM and some related RD models. For various limiting forms of the GM model, we show from a numerical study of the associated NLEP, together with an analytical scaling law analysis valid for large delay

*+*[Abstract](3489)

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**Abstract:**

We study a time explicit finite volume method for a first order conservation law with a multiplicative source term involving a

*+*[Abstract](3276)

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*+*[PDF](720.55KB)

**Abstract:**

By employing the N-barrier method developed in C.-C. Chen and L.-C. Hung, 2016 ([

*+*[Abstract](3442)

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*+*[PDF](397.0KB)

**Abstract:**

We present the time-spatial regularity of the nonlocal stochastic convolution for Caputo-type time fractional nonlocal Ornstein-Ulenbeck equations, and establish the existence and uniqueness of mild solutions for time fractional and space nonlocal stochastic Boussinesq equations driven by Gaussian white noise.

*+*[Abstract](3044)

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*+*[PDF](489.11KB)

**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with the robustness of a pullback attractor as the time tends to infinity. A pullback attractor is called forward (resp. backward) compact if the union over the future (resp. the past) is pre-compact. We prove that the forward (resp. backward) compactness is a necessary and sufficient condition such that a pullback attractor is upper semi-continuous to a compact set at positive (resp. negative) infinity, and also obtain the minimal limit-set. We further prove the lower semi-continuity of the pullback attractor and get the maximal limit-set at infinity. Some criteria for such robustness are established when the evolution process is forward or backward omega-limit compact. Those theoretical criteria are applied to prove semi-uniform compactness and robustness at infinity in pullback dynamics for a Ginzburg-Landau equation with variable coefficients and a forward or backward tempered nonlinearity.

*+*[Abstract](3533)

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**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with a Lotka-Volterra competition-diffusion model with stage structure and spatial heterogeneity. By analyzing the sign of the principal eigenvalue corresponding to each semi-trivial solution, we obtain the linear stability and global attractivity of the semi-trivial solution. In addition, an attracting region was obtained by means of the method of upper and lower solutions.

*+*[Abstract](3467)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper we mainly investigate two codimension-two bifurcations of a second-order difference equation from macroeconomics. Applying the center manifold theorem and the normal form analysis, we firstly give the parameter conditions for the generalized flip bifurcation, and prove that the system does not produce a strong resonance. Then, we compute the normal forms to obtain the parameter conditions for the Neimark-Sacker bifurcation, from which we present the conditions for the Chenciner bifurcation. In order to verify the correctness of our results, we also numerically simulate a half stable invariant circle and two invariant circles, one stable and one unstable, arising from the Chenciner bifurcation.

*+*[Abstract](3120)

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**Abstract:**

We consider discrete potentials as controls in systems of finite difference equations which are discretizations of a 1-D Schrödinger equation. We give examples of palindromic potentials which have corresponding steerable initial-terminal pairs which are not mirror-symmetric. For a set of palindromic potentials, we show that the corresponding steerable pairs that satisfy a localization property are mirror-symmetric. We express the initial and terminal states in these pairs explicitly as scalar multiples of vector-valued functions of a parameter in the control.

*+*[Abstract](3447)

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**Abstract:**

A quasi-one-dimensional steady-state Poisson-Nernst-Planck model with Bikerman's local hard-sphere potential for ionic flows of two oppositely charged ion species through a membrane channel is analyzed. Of particular interest is the qualitative properties of ionic flows in terms of individual fluxes *without the assumption of electroneutrality conditions*, which is more realistic to study ionic flow properties of interest. This is the novelty of this work. Our result shows that ⅰ) boundary concentrations and relative size of ion species play critical roles in characterizing ion size effects on individual fluxes; ⅱ) the first order approximation

*+*[Abstract](3842)

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**Abstract:**

We consider the asymptotic dynamics of a damped wave equations on a time-dependent domains with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition, the nonlinearity is allowed to have a cubic growth rate which is referred to as the critical exponent. To this end, we establish the existence and uniqueness of strong and weak solutions satisfying energy inequality under the assumption that the spatial domains $\mathcal{O}_{t}$ in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ are obtained from a bounded base domain $\mathcal{O}$ by a $C^{3}$-diffeomorphism $r(·, t)$. Furthermore, we establish the pullback attractor under a slightly weaker assumption that the measure of the spatial domains are uniformly bounded above.

*+*[Abstract](3847)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we deal with the following coupled chemotaxis-haptotaxis system modeling cancer invasionwith nonlinear diffusion,

*+*[Abstract](3995)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, we prove the existence and uniqueness of random attractors for the FitzHugh-Nagumo system driven by colored noise with a nonlinear diffusion term. We demonstrate that the colored noise is much easier to deal with than the white noise for studying the pathwise dynamics of stochastic systems. In addition, we show the attractors of the random FitzHugh-Nagumo system driven by a linear multiplicative colored noise converge to that of the corresponding stochastic system driven by a linear multiplicative white noise.

*+*[Abstract](4220)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, a diffusive prey-predator model with strong Allee effect growth rate and a protection zone $\Omega _0$ for the prey is investigated. We analyze the global existence, long time behaviors of positive solutions and the local stabilities of semi-trivial solutions. Moreover, the conditions of the occurrence and avoidance of overexploitation phenomenon are obtained. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the existence and stability of non-constant steady state solutions branching from constant semi-trivial solutions by using bifurcation theory. Our results show that the protection zone is effective when Allee threshold is small and the protection zone is large.

*+*[Abstract](3137)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper we study a model for the heat conduction in a composite having a microscopic structure arranged in a periodic array. We obtain the macroscopic behaviour of the material and specifically the overall conductivity via an homogenization procedure, providing the equation satisfied by the effective temperature.

*+*[Abstract](2610)

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**Abstract:**

We establish a regularity criterion for the 3D full compressible magnetohydrodynamic equations with zero heat conductivity and vacuum in a bounded domain.

*+*[Abstract](2945)

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**Abstract:**

In this work we show the existence of coexistence states for a nonlocal elliptic system arising from the growth of cancer stem cells. For this, we use the bifurcation method and the theory of the fixed point index in cones. Moreover, in some cases we study the behaviour of the coexistence region, depending on the parameters of the problem.

*+*[Abstract](2631)

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*+*[PDF](1059.04KB)

**Abstract:**

The paper is about the parking 3-sphere swimmer (sPr_{3}), a low-Reynolds number model swimmer composed of three balls of equal radii. The three balls can move along three horizontal axes (supported in the same plane) that mutually meet at the center of sPr_{3} with angles of 120°. The governing dynamical system is introduced and the implications of its geometric symmetries revealed. It is then shown that, in the first order range of small strokes, optimal periodic strokes are ellipses embedded in 3*d* space, i.e., closed curves of the form *u* and *v* of *u* and *v* is derived.

*+*[Abstract](2987)

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*+*[PDF](404.83KB)

**Abstract:**

Renormalization group method in the singular perturbation theory, originally introduced by Chen *et al*, has been proven to be very practicable in a large number of singular perturbed problems. In this paper, we will firstly reconsider the Renormalization group method under some general conditions to get several newly rigorous approximate results. Then we will apply the obtained results to investigate a class of second order differential equations with the highly oscillatory phenomenon of highly oscillatory properties, which occurs in many multiscale models from applied mathematics, physics and material science, etc. Our strategy, in fact, can be also used to analyze the same problem for related evolution equations with multiple scales, such as nonlinear Klein-Gordon equations in the nonrelativistic limit regime.

*+*[Abstract](2927)

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*+*[PDF](473.43KB)

**Abstract:**

We consider a non-autonomous ordinary differential equation over a finite time interval

In this paper, we will give the first method to algorithmically construct a contraction metric for finite-time systems in one spatial dimension. We will show the existence of a contraction metric, given by a function which satisfies a second-order partial differential equation with boundary conditions. We then use meshless collocation to approximately solve this equation, and show that the resulting approximation itself defines a contraction metric, if the collocation points are sufficiently dense. We give error estimates and apply the method to an example.

*+*[Abstract](3273)

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*+*[PDF](550.22KB)

**Abstract:**

We study a chemostat model with an arbitrary number of competing species, one substrate, and constant dilution rates. We allow delays in the growth rates and additive uncertainties. Using constant inputs of certain species, we derive bounds on the sizes of the delays that ensure asymptotic stability of an equilibrium when the uncertainties are zero, which can allow persistence of multiple species. Under delays and uncertainties, we provide bounds on the delays and on the uncertainties that ensure input-to-state stability with respect to uncertainties.

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