ISSN:

1556-1801

eISSN:

1556-181X

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## Networks & Heterogeneous Media

March 2011 , Volume 6 , Issue 1

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2011, 6(1): 1-35
doi: 10.3934/nhm.2011.6.1

*+*[Abstract](838)*+*[PDF](776.9KB)**Abstract:**

We consider the Neumann spectral problem for a second order differential operator, with piecewise constants coefficients, in a domain $\Omega_\varepsilon$ of $R^2$. Here $\Omega_\varepsilon$ is $\Omega \cup \omega_\varepsilon \cup \Gamma$, where $\Omega$ is a fixed bounded domain with boundary $\Gamma$, $\omega_\varepsilon$ is a curvilinear band of variable width $O(\varepsilon)$, and $\Gamma=\overline{\Omega}\cap \overline {\omega_\varepsilon}$. The

*density*and

*stiffness*constants are of order $O(\varepsilon^{-m-1})$ and $O(\varepsilon^{-1})$ respectively in this band, while they are of order $O(1)$ in $\Omega$; $m$ is a positive parameter and $\varepsilon \in (0,1)$, $\varepsilon\to 0$. Considering the range of the low, middle and high frequencies, we provide asymptotics for the eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenfunctions. For $m>2$, we highlight the middle frequencies for which the corresponding eigenfunctions may be localized asymptotically in small neighborhoods of certain points of the boundary.

2011, 6(1): 37-60
doi: 10.3934/nhm.2011.6.37

*+*[Abstract](889)*+*[PDF](482.9KB)**Abstract:**

We propose a mathematical model for the process of dry pasta cooking with specific reference to spaghetti. Pasta cooking is a two-stage process: water penetration followed by starch gelatinization. Differently from the approach adopted so far in the technical literature, our model includes free boundaries: the water penetration front and the gelatinization onset front representing a fast stage of the corresponding process. Behind the respective fronts water sorption and gelatinization proceed according to some kinetics. The outer boundary is also moving and unknown as a consequence of swelling. Existence and uniqueness are proved and numerical simulations are presented.

2011, 6(1): 61-75
doi: 10.3934/nhm.2011.6.61

*+*[Abstract](1078)*+*[PDF](429.6KB)**Abstract:**

This paper concerns periodic multiscale homogenization for fully nonlinear equations of the form $u^\epsilon+H^\epsilon (x,\frac{x}{\epsilon},\ldots,\frac{x}{epsilon^k},Du^\epsilon,D^2u^\epsilon)=0$. The operators $H^\epsilon$ are a regular perturbations of some uniformly elliptic, convex operator $H$. As $\epsilon\to 0^+$, the solutions $u^\epsilon$ converge locally uniformly to the solution $u$ of a suitably defined effective problem. The purpose of this paper is to obtain an estimate of the corresponding rate of convergence. Finally, some examples are discussed.

2011, 6(1): 77-88
doi: 10.3934/nhm.2011.6.77

*+*[Abstract](766)*+*[PDF](197.8KB)**Abstract:**

We prove that for any $H: R^2 \to R$ which is $Z^2$-periodic, there exists $H_\varepsilon$, which is smooth, $\varepsilon$-close to $H$ in $L^1$, with $L^\infty$-norm controlled by the one of $H$, and with the same average of $H$, for which there exists a smooth closed curve $\gamma_\varepsilon$ whose curvature is $H_\varepsilon$. A pinning phenomenon for curvature driven flow with a periodic forcing term then follows. Namely, curves in fine periodic media may be moved only by small amounts, of the order of the period.

2011, 6(1): 89-109
doi: 10.3934/nhm.2011.6.89

*+*[Abstract](795)*+*[PDF](518.3KB)**Abstract:**

An elastic medium with a large number of small axially symmetric solid particles is considered. It is assumed that the particles are identically oriented and under the influence of elastic medium they move translationally or rotate around symmetry axis but the direction of their symmetry axes does not change. The asymptotic behavior of small oscillations of the system is studied, when the diameters of particles and distances between the nearest particles are decreased. The equations, describing the homogenized model of the system, are derived. It is shown that the homogenized equations correspond to a non-standard dynamics of elastic medium. Namely, the homogenized stress tensor linearly depends not only on the strain tensor but also on the rotation tensor.

2011, 6(1): 111-126
doi: 10.3934/nhm.2011.6.111

*+*[Abstract](715)*+*[PDF](362.9KB)**Abstract:**

The paper deals with a periodic homogenization problem for a non-stationary convection-diffusion equation stated in a thin infinite cylindrical domain with homogeneous Neumann boundary condition on the lateral boundary. It is shown that homogenization result holds in moving coordinates, and that the solution admits an asymptotic expansion which consists of the interior expansion being regular in time, and an initial layer.

2011, 6(1): 127-144
doi: 10.3934/nhm.2011.6.127

*+*[Abstract](656)*+*[PDF](425.3KB)**Abstract:**

We analyse the lower non trivial part of the spectrum of the generator of the Glauber dynamics for a $d$-dimensional nearest neighbour Ising model with a bounded random potential. We prove conjecture 1 in [1]: for sufficiently large values of the temperature, the first band of the spectrum of the generator of the process coincides with a closed non random segment of the real line.

2011, 6(1): 145-165
doi: 10.3934/nhm.2011.6.145

*+*[Abstract](1018)*+*[PDF](488.0KB)**Abstract:**

This paper addresses a three-dimensional model for isothermal stress-induced transformation in shape memory polycrystalline materials in presence of permanent inelastic effects. The basic features of the model are recalled and the constitutive and the three-dimensional quasi-static evolution problem are proved to be well-posed. Finally, we discuss the convergence of the model to reduced/former ones by means of a rigorous $\Gamma$-convergence analysis.

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