2009, 24(4): 1167-1184. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2009.24.1167

An integral system and the Lane-Emden conjecture

1. 

College of Mathematics and Information Science, Henan Normal University, China

2. 

Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309-0524

Received  August 2008 Revised  January 2009 Published  May 2009

We consider the system of integral equations in $R^n$:

$ u(x) = \int_{R^{n}} \frac{1}{|x - y|^{n-\mu}} v^q (y) dy$
$ v(x) = \int_{R^{n}} \frac{1}{|x - y|^{n-\mu}} u^p(y) dy$

with $0 < \mu < n$. Under some integrability conditions, we obtain radial symmetry of positive solutions by using the method of moving planes in integral forms. In the special case when $\mu = 2$, we show that the integral system is equivalent to the elliptic PDE system

-Δ $u = v^q (x)$
-Δ $v = u^p (x)$

in $R^n$. Our symmetry result, together with non-existence of radial solutions by Mitidieri [30], implies that, under our integrability conditions, the PDE system possesses no positive solution in the subcritical case. This partially solved the well-known Lane-Emden conjecture.

Citation: Wenxiong Chen, Congming Li. An integral system and the Lane-Emden conjecture. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2009, 24 (4) : 1167-1184. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2009.24.1167
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