Networks and Heterogeneous Media (NHM)

Empirical results for pedestrian dynamics and their implications for modeling

Pages: 545 - 560, Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2011      doi:10.3934/nhm.2011.6.545

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Andreas Schadschneider - Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Cologne, 50937 Köln, Germany (email)
Armin Seyfried - Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany (email)

Abstract: The current status of empirical results for pedestrian dynamics is reviewd. Suprisingly even for basic quantities like the flow-density relation there is currently no consensus since the results obtained in various empirical and experimental studies deviate substantially. We report results from recent large-scale experiments for pedestrian flow in simple scenarios like long corridors and bottlenecks which have been performed under controlled laboratory conditions that are easily reproducible. Finally the implications of the unsatisfactory empirical situation for the modeling of pedestrian dynamics is discussed.

Keywords:  Pedestrian dynamics, fundamental diagram, bottleneck, statistical analysis.
Mathematics Subject Classification:  Primary: 90B20; 62-07; Secondary: 91C05,60-02.

Received: December 2010;      Revised: May 2011;      Available Online: August 2011.