Gradient systems on networks
Delio Mugnolo René Pröpper
We consider a class of linear di erential operators acting on vector-valued function spaces with general coupled boundary conditions. Unlike in the more usual case of so-called quantum graphs, the boundary conditions can be nonlinear. After introducing a suitable Lyapunov function we prove well-posedness and invariance results for the corresponding nonlinear di usion problem.
keywords: nonlinear boundary conditions Quantum graphs vector-valued di usion
Gaussian estimates for a heat equation on a network
Delio Mugnolo
We consider a diffusion problem on a network on whose nodes we impose Dirichlet and generalized, non-local Kirchhoff-type conditions. We prove well-posedness of the associated initial value problem, and we exploit the theory of sub-Markovian and ultracontractive semigroups in order to obtain upper Gaussian estimates for the integral kernel. We conclude that the same diffusion problem is governed by an analytic semigroup acting on all $L^p$-type spaces as well as on suitable spaces of continuous functions. Stability and spectral issues are also discussed. As an application we discuss a system of semilinear equations on a network related to potential transmission problems arising in neurobiology.
keywords: Evolution equations on networks; Ultracontractive semigroups of operators; Gaussian estimates

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