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We consider a diffuse interface model for tumor growth consisting of a Cahn--Hilliard equation with source terms coupled to a reaction-diffusion equation, which models a tumor growing in the presence of a nutrient species and surrounded by healthy tissue. The well-posedness of the system equipped with Neumann boundary conditions was found to require regular potentials with quadratic growth. In this work, Dirichlet boundary conditions are considered, and we establish the well-posedness of the system for regular potentials with higher polynomial growth and also for singular potentials. New difficulties are encountered due to the higher polynomial growth, but for regular potentials, we retain the continuous dependence on initial and boundary data for the chemical potential and for the order parameter in strong norms as established in the previous work. Furthermore, we deduce the well-posedness of a variant of the model with quasi-static nutrient by rigorously passing to the limit where the ratio of the nutrient diffusion time-scale to the tumor doubling time-scale is small.

Two-phase flow of two Newtonian incompressible viscous fluids with a soluble surfactant and different densities of the fluids can be modeled within the diffuse interface approach. We consider a Navier-Stokes/Cahn-Hilliard type system coupled to non-linear diffusion equations that describe the diffusion of the surfactant in the bulk phases as well as along the diffuse interface. Moreover, the surfactant concentration influences the free energy and therefore the surface tension of the diffuse interface. For this system existence of weak solutions globally in time for general initial data is proved. To this end a two-step approximation is used that consists of a regularization of the time continuous system in the first and a time-discretization in the second step.

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