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### Open Access Journals

We study stability of the nonnegative solutions of a discontinuous elliptic eigenvalue problem relevant in several applications as for instance in climate modeling. After giving the explicit expresion of the S-shaped bifurcation diagram $\left( \lambda ,{{\left\| {{\mu }_{\lambda }} \right\|}_{\infty }} \right)$ we show the instability of the decreasing part of the bifurcation curve and the stability of the increasing part. This extends to the case of non-smooth nonlinear terms the well known 1971 result by M.G. Crandall and P.H. Rabinowitz concerning differentiable nonlinear terms. We point out that, in general, there is a lacking of uniquenees of solutions for the associated parabolic problem. Nevertheless, for nondegenerate solutions (crossing the discontinuity value of u in a transversal way) the comparison principle and the uniqueness of solutions hold. The instability is obtained trough a linearization process leading to an eigenvalue problem in which a Dirac delta distribution appears as a coefficient of the differential operator. The stability proof uses a suitable change of variables, the continuuity of the bifurcation branch and the comparison principle for nondegenerate solutions of the parabolic problem.

*retention phenomena*on the free boundaries associated to some elliptic and parabolic problems of reaction-diffusion type. This is the case, for instance, of the

*waiting time phenomenon*for solutions of suitable parabolic equations. We find sufficient conditions in order to have a discrete version of the waiting time property (the so called

*nondiffusion of the support*) for solutions of the associated family of elliptic equations and prove how to pass to the limit in order to get this property for the solutions of the parabolic equation.

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