Rotation numbers and Lyapunov stability of elliptic periodic solutions
Jifeng Chu Meirong Zhang
Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A 2008, 21(4): 1071-1094 doi: 10.3934/dcds.2008.21.1071
Using the relation between the Hill's equations and the Ermakov-Pinney equations established by Zhang [27], we will give some interesting lower bounds of rotation numbers of Hill's equations. Based on the Birkhoff normal forms and the Moser twist theorem, we will prove that two classes of nonlinear, scalar, time-periodic, Newtonian equations will have twist periodic solutions, one class being regular and another class being singular.
keywords: Ermakov-Pinney equation twist coefficient. periodic solution Lyapunov stability rotation number Hill's equation
Existence and stability of periodic oscillations of a rigid dumbbell satellite around its center of mass
Jifeng Chu Zaitao Liang Pedro J. Torres Zhe Zhou
Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B 2017, 22(7): 2669-2685 doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2017130

We study the existence and stability of periodic solutions of a differential equation that models the planar oscillations of a satellite in an elliptic orbit around its center of mass. The proof is based on a suitable version of Poincaré-Birkhoff theorem and the third order approximation method.

keywords: Satellite equation twist periodic solutions unstable periodic solutions Poincaré-Birkhoff theorem third order approximation
Existence and stability of periodic solutions for relativistic singular equations
Jifeng Chu Zaitao Liang Fangfang Liao Shiping Lu
Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis 2017, 16(2): 591-609 doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2017029

In this paper, we study the existence, multiplicity and stability of positive periodic solutions of relativistic singular differential equations. The proof of the existence and multiplicity is based on the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory, and the proof of stability is based on a known connection between the index of a periodic solution and its stability.

keywords: Relativistic singular equations stability positive periodic solutions
Radial stability of periodic solutions of the Gylden-Meshcherskii-type problem
Jifeng Chu Pedro J. Torres Feng Wang
Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A 2015, 35(5): 1921-1932 doi: 10.3934/dcds.2015.35.1921
For the Gylden-Meshcherskii-type problem with a periodically cha-nging gravitational parameter, we prove the existence of radially periodic solutions with high angular momentum, which are Lyapunov stable in the radial direction.
keywords: Gylden-Meshcherskii-type problem Radial stability twist. periodic solutions
Lyapunov stability for conservative systems with lower degrees of freedom
Jifeng Chu Jinzhi Lei Meirong Zhang
Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B 2011, 16(2): 423-443 doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2011.16.423
It is a central theme to study the Lyapunov stability of periodic solutions of nonlinear differential equations or systems. For dissipative systems, the Lyapunov direct method is an important tool to study the stability. However, this method is not applicable to conservative systems such as Lagrangian equations and Hamiltonian systems. In the last decade, a method that is now known as the 'third order approximation' has been developed by Ortega, and has been applied to particular types of conservative systems including time periodic scalar Lagrangian equations (Ortega, J. Differential Equations, 128(1996), 491-518). This method is based on Moser's twist theorem, a prototype of the KAM theory. Latter, the twist coefficients were re-explained by Zhang in 2003 through the unique positive periodic solutions of the Ermakov-Pinney equation that is associated to the first order approximation (Zhang, J. London Math. Soc., 67(2003), 137-148). After that, Zhang and his collaborators have obtained some important twist criteria and applied the results to some interesting examples of time periodic scalar Lagrangian equations and planar Hamiltonian systems. In this survey, we will introduce the fundamental ideas in these works and will review recent progresses in this field, including applications to examples such as swing, the (relativistic) pendulum and singular equations. Some unsolved problems will be imposed for future study.
keywords: planar Hamiltonian system Ermakov-Pinney equation twist coefficient. Hill equation Lyapunov stability periodic solution Lagrangian equation
Mean-square almost automorphic solutions for stochastic differential equations with hyperbolicity
Hailong Zhu Jifeng Chu Weinian Zhang
Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A 2018, 38(4): 1935-1953 doi: 10.3934/dcds.2018078

In the setting of mean-square exponential dichotomies, we study the existence and uniqueness of mean-square almost automorphic solutions of non-autonomous linear and nonlinear stochastic differential equations.

keywords: Mean-square almost automorphic solutions mean-square exponential dichotomy stochastic differential equations
Homoclinic orbits for first order periodic Hamiltonian systems with spectrum point zero
Juntao Sun Jifeng Chu Zhaosheng Feng
Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A 2013, 33(8): 3807-3824 doi: 10.3934/dcds.2013.33.3807
In this paper, we study the existence and multiplicity of homoclinic orbits for a class of first order periodic Hamiltonian systems. By applying two recent critical point theorems for strongly indefinite functionals, we establish some new criteria to guarantee that Hamiltonian systems, with asymptotically quadratic terms and spectrum point zero, have at least one and infinitely many homoclinic orbits under certain conditions.
keywords: variational methods Hölder inequality Strongly indefinite problems. Homoclinic orbits Hamiltonian systems asymptotically linear terms
Prevalence of stable periodic solutions in the forced relativistic pendulum equation
Feng Wang Jifeng Chu Zaitao Liang
Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B 2018, 23(10): 4579-4594 doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018177

We study the prevalence of stable periodic solutions of the forced relativistic pendulum equation for external force which guarantees the existence of periodic solutions. We prove the results for a general planar system.

keywords: Prevalence stable periodic solutions forced relativistic pendulum equation planar system

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