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Peter Bates was born in Manchester, England on December 27, 1947. He graduated from the University of London in mathematics in 1969 after which he moved to United States with his family. Later, he attended the University of Utah and received his Ph.D. in 1976. Following his graduation, Peter moved to Texas and taught at University of Texas at Pan American and Texas A&M University. He returned to Utah in 1984 and taught at Brigham Young University until 2004. He is currently a professor of mathematics at Michigan State University.
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A reaction-diffusion logistic population model with spatially nonhomogeneous harvesting is considered. It is shown that when the intrinsic growth rate is larger than the principal eigenvalue of the protection zone, then the population is always sustainable; while in the opposite case, there exists a maximum allowable catch to avoid the population extinction. The existence of steady state solutions is also studied for both cases. The existence of an optimal harvesting pattern is also shown, and theoretical results are complemented by some numerical simulations for one-dimensional domains.
The existence of traveling wave solutions and wave train solutions of a diffusive ratio-dependent predator-prey system with distributed delay is proved. For the case without distributed delay, we first establish the existence of traveling wave solution by using the upper and lower solutions method. Second, we prove the existence of periodic traveling wave train by using the Hopf bifurcation theorem. For the case with distributed delay, we obtain the existence of traveling wave and traveling wave train solutions when the mean delay is sufficiently small via the geometric singular perturbation theory. Our results provide theoretical basis for biological invasion of predator species.
It is a common understanding that rotational cattle grazing provides better yields than continuous grazing, but a quantitative analysis is lacking in agricultural literature. In rotational grazing, cattle periodically move among paddocks in contrast to continuous grazing, in which the cattle graze on a single plot for the entire grazing season. We construct a differential equation model of vegetation grazing on a fixed area to show that production yields and stockpiled forage are greater for rotational grazing than continuous grazing. Our results show that both the number of cattle per acre and stockpiled forage increase for many rotational configurations.
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