CPAA
On behavior of signs for the heat equation and a diffusion method for data separation
Mi-Ho Giga Yoshikazu Giga Takeshi Ohtsuka Noriaki Umeda
Consider the solution $u(x,t)$ of the heat equation with initial data $u_0$. The diffusive sign $S_D[u_0](x)$ is defined by the limit of sign of $u(x,t)$ as $t\to 0$. A sufficient condition for $x\in R^d$ and $u_0$ such that $S_D[u_0](x)$ is well-defined is given. A few examples of $u_0$ violating and fulfilling this condition are given. It turns out that this diffusive sign is also related to variational problem whose energy is the Dirichlet energy with a fidelity term. If initial data is a difference of characteristic functions of two disjoint sets, it turns out that the boundary of the set $S_D[u_0](x) = 1$ (or $-1$) is roughly an equi-distance hypersurface from $A$ and $B$ and this gives a separation of two data sets.
keywords: equi-distance hypersurface Diffusive sign heat equations. sign-changing
DCDS
On decay rate of quenching profile at space infinity for axisymmetric mean curvature flow
Yoshikazu Giga Yukihiro Seki Noriaki Umeda
We study the motion of noncompact hypersurfaces moved by their mean curvature obtained by a rotation around $x$-axis of the graph a function $y=u(x,t)$ (defined for all $x\in \mathbb{R}$). We are interested to estimate its profile when the hypersurface closes open ends at the quenching (pinching) time $T$. We estimate its profile at the quenching time from above and below. We in particular prove that $u(x,T)$ ~ $|x|^{-a}$ as $|x|\to\infty$ if $u(x,0)$ tends to its infimum with algebraic rate $|x|^{-2a} $ (as $|x| \to \infty $ with $a>0$).
keywords: At space infinity quenching profile axisymmetric mean curvature flow equation decay rate.

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