Optimal $L^2$-control problem in coefficients for a linear elliptic equation. II. Approximation of solutions and optimality conditions
Thierry Horsin Peter I. Kogut Olivier Wilk
In this paper we study we study a Dirichlet optimal control problem associated with a linear elliptic equation the coefficients of which we take as controls in the class of integrable functions. The characteristic feature of this control object is the fact that the skew-symmetric part of matrix-valued control $A(x)$ belongs to $L^2$-space (rather than $L^\infty)$. In spite of the fact that the equations of this type can exhibit non-uniqueness of weak solutions, the corresponding OCP, under rather general assumptions on the class of admissible controls, is well-posed and admits a nonempty set of solutions [9]. However, the optimal solutions to such problem may have a singular character. We show that some of optimal solutions can be attainable by solutions of special optimal control problems in perforated domains with fictitious boundary controls on the holes.
keywords: non-variational solutions Control in coefficients fictitious control. variational convergence

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