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This paper is devoted to the study of the two-dimensional andthree-dimensional ideal incompressible magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD)equations in which the Faraday law is inviscid. We consider thelocal existence and uniqueness of classical solutions for the MHDsystem in Hölder space when the general initial data belongs to$C^{1,α}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for $n=2$ and $n=3$.

We study the boundary layer problem and the quasineutral limit of the compressible Euler-Poisson system arising from plasma physics in a domain with boundary. The quasineutral regime is the incompressible Euler equations. Compared to the quasineutral limit of compressible Euler-Poisson equations in whole space or periodic domain, the key difficulty here is to deal with the singularity caused by the boundary layer. The proof of the result is based on a *λ*-weighted energy method and the matched asymptotic expansion method.

In this paper, we study the global regularity to a three-dimensional logarithmic sub-dissipative Navier-Stokes model. This system takes the form of ${\partial _t}u +(\mathcal {D}^{-1/2}u)·\nabla u + \nabla p =-\mathcal {A}^2u$, where $\mathcal {D}$ and $\mathcal {A}$ are Fourier multipliers defined by $\mathcal {D}=|\nabla|$ and $\mathcal {A}= |\nabla|\ln^{-1/4}(e + λ \ln (e + |\nabla|)) $ with $λ≥q0$. The symbols of the $\mathcal {D}$ and $\mathcal {A}$ are $m(ξ) =\left| ξ \right|$ and $h(ξ) = \left| ξ \right| / g(ξ)$ respectively, where $g(ξ) = {\ln ^{{1 / 4}}}(e + λ \ln (e + |ξ|))$, $λ≥0$. It is clear that for the Navier-Stokes equations, global regularity is true under the assumption that $h(ξ) =|ξ|^α$ for $α≥q 5/4$. Here by changing the advection term we greatly weaken the dissipation to $ h(ξ)={{\left| ξ \right|} / g(ξ)}$. We prove the global well-posedness for any smooth initial data in $H^s(\mathbb{R}^3)$, $ s≥q3 $ by using the energy method.

In this paper, we study the quasineutral limit and asymptotic behaviors for the quantum Navier-Stokes-Possion equation. We apply a formal expansion according to Debye length and derive the neutral incompressible Navier-Stokes equation. To establish this limit mathematically rigorously, we derive uniform (in Debye length) estimates for the remainders, for well-prepared initial data. It is demonstrated that the quantum effect do play important roles in the estimates and the norm introduced depends on the Planck constant $\hbar>0$.

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