Zero-electron-mass limit of Euler-Poisson equations
Jiang Xu Ting Zhang
We study the limit of vanishing ratio of the electron mass to the ion mass (zero-electron-mass limit) in the scaled Euler-Poisson equations. As the first step of this justification, we construct the uniform global classical solutions in critical Besov spaces with the aid of ``Shizuta-Kawashima" skew-symmetry. Then we establish frequency-localization estimates of Strichartz-type for the equation of acoustics according to the semigroup formulation. Finally, it is shown that the uniform classical solutions converge towards that of the incompressible Euler equations (for ill-preparedinitial data) in a refined way as the scaled electron-mass tends to zero. In comparison with the classical zero-mach-number limit in [7,23], we obtain different dispersive estimates due to the coupled electric field.
keywords: Zero-electron-mass limits Euler-Poisson equations Strichartz-type estimate. critical Besov spaces skew-symmetry
A vacuum problem for multidimensional compressible Navier-Stokes equations with degenerate viscosity coefficients
Ping Chen Ting Zhang
Local solutions of the multidimensional Navier-Stokes equations for isentropic compressible flow are constructed with spherically symmetric initial data between a solid core and a free boundary connected to a surrounding vacuum state. The viscosity coefficients $\lambda, \mu$ are proportional to $\rho^\theta$, $0<\theta<\gamma$, where $\rho$ is the density and $\gamma > 1$ is the physical constant of polytropic fluid. It is also proved that no vacuum develops between the solid core and the free boundary, and the free boundary expands with finite speed.
keywords: Compressible Navier-Stokes equations uniqueness. free boundary density-dependent viscosity vacuum existence
Compressible Navier-Stokes equations with vacuum state in one dimension
Daoyuan Fang Ting Zhang
In this paper, we consider the one-dimensional compressible Navier-Stokes equations for isentropic flow connecting to vacuum state with a continuous density when viscosity coefficient depends on the density. Precisely, the viscosity coefficient $\mu$ is proportional to $\rho^\theta$ and $0<\theta<1/2$, where $\rho$ is the density. The global existence of weak solutions is proved.
keywords: vacuum global existence of weak solutions Navier-Stokes equations
Regularity of 3D axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations
Hui Chen Daoyuan Fang Ting Zhang

In this paper, we study the three-dimensional axisymmetric Navier-Stokes system with nonzero swirl. By establishing a new key inequality for the pair $(\frac{ω^{r}}{r},\frac{ω^{θ}}{r})$, we get several Prodi-Serrin type regularity criteria based on the angular velocity, $u^θ$. Moreover, we obtain the global well-posedness result if the initial angular velocity $u_{0}^{θ}$ is appropriate small in the critical space $L^{3}(\mathbb{R}^{3})$. Furthermore, we also get several Prodi-Serrin type regularity criteria based on one component of the solutions, say $ω^3$ or $u^3$.

keywords: Navier-Stokes equations regularity criteria global well-posedness axisymmetric swirl
Free boundary problem for compressible flows with density--dependent viscosity coefficients
Ping Chen Daoyuan Fang Ting Zhang
In this paper, we consider the free boundary problem of the spherically symmetric compressible isentropic Navier--Stokes equations in $R^n (n \geq 1)$, with density--dependent viscosity coefficients. Precisely, the viscosity coefficients $\mu$ and $\lambda$ are assumed to be proportional to $\rho^\theta$, $0 < \theta < 1$, where $\rho$ is the density. We obtain the global existence, uniqueness and continuous dependence on initial data of a weak solution, with a Lebesgue initial velocity $u_0\in L^{4 m}$, $4m>n$ and $\theta<\frac{4m-2}{4m+n}$. We weaken the regularity requirement of the initial velocity, and improve some known results of the one-dimensional system.
keywords: density-dependent viscosity coefficients. Compressible Navier-Stokes equations
Global well-posedness for the dissipative system modeling electro-hydrodynamics with large vertical velocity component in critical Besov space
Jihong Zhao Ting Zhang Qiao Liu
In this paper, we are concerned with a model arising from electro-hydrodynamics, which is a coupled system of the Navier-Stokes equations and the Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations through charge transport and external forcing terms. The local well-posedness and global well-posedness with small initial data to the 3-D Cauchy problem of this system are established in the critical Besov space $\dot{B}^{-1+\frac{3}{p}}_{p,1}(\mathbb{R}^{3})\times(\dot{B}^{-2+\frac{3}{q}}_{q,1}(\mathbb{R}^{3}))^{2}$ with suitable choices of $p, q$. Especially, we prove that there exist two positive constants $c_{0}, C_{0}$ depending on the coefficients of system except $\mu$ such that if \begin{equation*} \big(\|u_{0}^{h}\|_{\dot{B}^{-1+\frac{3}{p}}_{p,1}}+(\mu+1)\|(v_{0},w_{0})\|_{\dot{B}^{-2+\frac{3}{q}}_{q,1}} \big) \exp\Big\{\frac{C_{0}}{\mu^{2}}(\|u_{0}^{3}\|_{\dot{B}^{-1+\frac{3}{p}}_{p,1}}^{2}+1)\Big\}\leq c_{0}\mu, \end{equation*} then the above local solution can be extended to the global one. This result implies the global well-posedness of this system with large initial vertical velocity component.
keywords: electro-hydrodynamics Navier-Stokes equations well-posedness Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations Besov space.
Duality formulations in semidefinite programming
Qinghong Zhang Gang Chen Ting Zhang
In this paper, duals for standard semidefinite programming problems from both the primal and dual sides are studied. Explicit expressions of the minimal cones and their dual cones are obtained under closeness assumptions of certain sets. As a result, duality formulations resulting from regularizations for both primal and dual problems can be expressed explicitly in terms of equality and inequality constraints involving three vector and matrix variables under such assumptions. It is proved in this paper that these newly developed duals can be cast as the Extended Lagrange-Slater Dual (ELSD) and the Extended Lagrange-Slater Dual of the Dual (ELSDD) with one reduction step. Therefore, the duals formulated in this paper guarantee strong duality, i.e., a zero duality gap and dual attainment.
keywords: duality theory Extended Lagrange-Slater Dual. Semidefinite programming
Well-posedness for the 3D incompressible nematic liquid crystal system in the critical $L^p$ framework
Qiao Liu Ting Zhang Jihong Zhao
In this paper, we consider the well-posedness of the Cauchy problem of the 3D incompressible nematic liquid crystal system with initial data in the critical Besov space $\dot{B}^{\frac{3}{p}-1}_{p,1}(\mathbb{R}^{3})\times \dot{B}^{\frac{3}{q}}_{q,1}(\mathbb{R}^{3})$ with $1< p<\infty$, $1\leq q<\infty$ and \begin{align*} -\min\{\frac{1}{3},\frac{1}{2p}\}\leq \frac{1}{q}-\frac{1}{p}\leq \frac{1}{3}. \end{align*} In particular, if we impose the restrictive condition $1< p<6$, we prove that there exist two positive constants $C_{0}$ and $c_{0}$ such that the nematic liquid crystal system has a unique global solution with initial data $(u_{0},d_{0}) = (u^{h}_{0}, u^{3}_{0}, d_{0})$ which satisfies \begin{align*} ((1+\frac{1}{\nu\mu})\|d_{0}-\overline{d}_{0}\|_{\dot{B}^{\frac{3}{q}}_{q,1}}+ \frac{1}{\nu}\|u_{0}^{h}\|_{\dot{B}^{\frac{3}{p}-1}_{p,1}}) \exp\left\{\frac{C_{0}}{\nu^{2}}(\|u_{0}^{3}\|_{\dot{B}^{\frac{3}{p}-1}_{p,1}}+\frac{1}{\mu})^{2}\right\}\leq c_{0}, \end{align*} where $\overline{d}_{0}$ is a constant vector with $|\overline{d}_{0}|=1$. Here $\nu$ and $\mu$ are two positive viscosity constants.
keywords: Nematic liquid crystal flows well-posedness. Navier-Stokes equations
Weakly hyperbolic invariant tori for two dimensional quasiperiodically forced maps in a degenerate case
Tingting Zhang Àngel Jorba Jianguo Si
In this work we consider a class of degenerate analytic maps of the form \begin{eqnarray*} \left\{ \begin{array}{l} \bar{x} =x+y^{m}+\epsilon f_1(x,y,\theta,\epsilon)+h_1(x,y,\theta,\epsilon),\\ \bar{y}=y+x^{n}+\epsilon f_2(x,y,\theta,\epsilon)+h_2(x,y,\theta,\epsilon),\\ \bar{\theta}=\theta+\omega, \end{array} \right. \end{eqnarray*} where $mn>1,n\geq m,$ $h_1 \ \mbox{and} \ h_2$ are of order $n+1$ in $z,$ and $\omega=(\omega_1,\omega_2,\ldots,\omega_{d})\in \Bbb{R}^{d}$ is a vector of rationally independent frequencies. It is shown that, under a generic non-degeneracy condition on $f$, if $\omega$ is Diophantine and $\epsilon>0$ is small enough, the map has at least one weakly hyperbolic invariant torus.
keywords: weakly hyperbolic invariant torus degenerate fixed points Quasiperiodic systems KAM iteration.
The modeling error of well treatment for unsteady flow in porous media
Ting Zhang
In petroleum engineering, the well is usually treated as a point or line source, since its radius is much smaller than the scale of the whole reservoir. In this paper, we consider the modeling error of this treatment for unsteady flow in porous media.
keywords: well treatment nonlocal equivalued surface boundary condition unsteady flow Well model error estimate.

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