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There exists a large family of water waves with jump discontinuities in the vorticity. These waves travel at a constant speed. They are two-dimensional, periodic, symmetric, and subject to the influence of gravity. Some of them have large amplitudes. Their existence is proven using local and global bifurcation theory, together with elliptic theory of weak solutions with nonlinear boundary conditions.
Consider a nonlinear wave equation in three space dimensions with zero mass together with a negative potential. If the potential is sufficiently short-range, then it does not alter the global existence of small-amplitude solutions. On the other hand, if the potential is sufficiently large, it will force some solutions to blow up in a finite time.
We present a new and simpler proof that the nonlinear scattering operator $\S$ is analytic on energy space. We apply it in particular to a fourth-order nonlinear wave equation in Rn. In addition, we prove that $\S$ determines the scatterer uniquely and that for small powers there is no scattering.
We study the Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck system. For arbitrary data we prove the global well-posedness and gain of regularity of solutions under improved assumptions. We also prove that if the initial data are sufficiently small, the solutions satisfy optimal rates of asymptotic decay.
Consider a propagator defined on a Banach space whose norm satisfies an appropriate exponential bound. To this operator is added a bounded operator which is relatively smoothing in the sense of Vidav. The location of the essential spectrum of the perturbed propagator is then estimated. An application to kinetic theory is given for a system of particles that interact both through collisions and through their charges.
We establish the global-in-time existence and uniqueness of classical solutions to the ``one and one-half'' dimensional relativistic Vlasov--Maxwell systems in a bounded interval, subject to an external magnetic field which is infinitely large at the spatial boundary. We prove that the large external magnetic field confines the particles to a compact set away from the boundary. This excludes the known singularities that typically occur due to particles that repeatedly bounce off the boundary. In addition to the confinement, we follow the techniques introduced by Glassey and Schaeffer, who studied the Cauchy problem without boundaries.
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