Two-phase incompressible flows with variable density: An energetic variational approach
Jie Jiang Yinghua Li Chun Liu

In this paper, we study a diffuse-interface model for two-phase incompressible flows with different densities. First, we present a derivation of the model using an energetic variational approach. Our model allows large density ratio between the two phases and moreover, it is thermodynamically consistent and admits a dissipative energy law. Under suitable assumptions on the average density function, we establish the global existence of a weak solution in the 3D case as well as the global well-posedness of strong solutions in the 2D case to an initial-boundary problem for the resulting Allen-Cahn-Navier-Stokes system. Furthermore, we investigate the longtime behavior of the 2D strong solutions. In particular, we obtain existence of a maximal compact attractor and prove that the solution will converge to an equilibrium as time goes to infinity.

keywords: Two-phase flow incompressible Navier-Stokes variable density global existence longtime behavior
Blow-up criterion for an incompressible Navier-Stokes/Allen-Cahn system with different densities
Yinghua Li Shijin Ding Mingxia Huang
This paper is concerned with a coupled Navier-Stokes/Allen-Cahn system describing a diffuse interface model for two-phase flow of viscous incompressible fluids with different densities in a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^N$($N=2,3$). We establish a criterion for possible break down of such solutions at finite time in terms of the temporal integral of both the maximum norm of the deformation tensor of velocity gradient and the square of maximum norm of gradient of phase field variable in 2D. In 3D, the temporal integral of the square of maximum norm of velocity is also needed. Here, we suppose the initial density function $\rho_0$ has a positive lower bound.
keywords: blow-up criterion. Allen-Cahn equation Diffuse interface model nonhomogeneous Navier-Stokes equations

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