On the integral systems with negative exponents
Yutian Lei
This paper is concerned with the integral system $$\left \{ \begin{array}{ll} &u(x)=\int_{R^n}\frac{|x-y|^\lambda dy}{v^q(y)},\quad u>0~in~R^n,\\ &v(x)=\int_{R^n}\frac{|x-y|^\lambda dy}{u^p(y)},\quad v>0~in~R^n, \end{array} \right. $$ where $n \geq 1$, $p,q,\lambda \neq 0$. Such an integral system appears in the study of the conformal geometry. We obtain several necessary conditions for the existence of the $C^1$ positive entire solutions, particularly including the critical condition $$ \frac{1}{p-1}+\frac{1}{q-1}=\frac{\lambda}{n}, $$ which is the necessary and sufficient condition for the invariant of the system and some energy functionals under the scaling transformation. The necessary condition $\frac{1}{p-1}+\frac{1}{q-1}=\frac{\lambda}{n}$ can be relaxed to another weaker one $\min\{p,q\}>\frac{n+\lambda}{\lambda}$ for the system with double bounded coefficients. In addition, we classify the radial solutions in the case of $p=q$ as the form $$ u(x)=v(x)=a(b^2+|x-x_0|^2)^{\frac{\lambda}{2}} $$ with $a,b>0$ and $x_0 \in R^n$. Finally, we also deduce some analogous necessary conditions of existence for the weighted system.
keywords: classification of radial solutions. asymptotic behavior conformal invariant Singular integral equation
Wolff type potential estimates and application to nonlinear equations with negative exponents
Yutian Lei
In this paper, we are concerned with the positive continuous entire solutions of the Wolff type integral equation $$ u(x)=c(x)W_{\beta,\gamma}(u^{-p})(x), \quad u>0 ~in~ R^n, $$ where $n \geq 1$, $p>0$, $\gamma>1$, $\beta>0$ and $\beta\gamma \neq n$. In addition, $c(x)$ is a double bounded function. Such an integral equation is related to the study of the conformal geometry and nonlinear PDEs, such as $\gamma$-Laplace equations and $k$-Hessian equations with negative exponents. By some Wolff type potential integral estimates, we obtain the asymptotic rates and the integrability of positive solutions, and discuss the existence and nonexistence results of the radial solutions.
keywords: asymptotic behavior. Wolff potential $\gamma$-Laplace equation $k$-Hessian equation conformal geometry
Axisymmetry of locally bounded solutions to an Euler-Lagrange system of the weighted Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality
Yutian Lei Zhongxue Lü
This paper is concerned with the symmetry results for the $2k$-order singular Lane-Emden type partial differential system $$ \left\{\begin{array}{ll} (-\Delta)^k(|x|^{\alpha}u(x)) =|x|^{-\beta} v^{q}(x), \\ (-\Delta)^k(|x|^{\beta}v(x)) =|x|^{-\alpha} u^p(x), \end{array} \right. $$ and the weighted Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev type integral system $$ \left \{ \begin{array}{l} u(x) = \frac{1}{|x|^{\alpha}}\int_{R^{n}} \frac{v^q(y)}{|y|^{\beta}|x-y|^{\lambda}} dy\\ v(x) = \frac{1}{|x|^{\beta}}\int_{R^{n}} \frac{u^p(y)}{|y|^{\alpha}|x-y|^{\lambda}} dy. \end{array} \right. $$ Here $x \in R^n \setminus \{0\}$. We first establish the equivalence of this integral system and an fractional order partial differential system, which includes the $2k$-order PDE system above. For the integral system, we prove that the positive locally bounded solutions are symmetric and decreasing about some axis by means of the method of moving planes in integral forms introduced by Chen-Li-Ou. In addition, we also show that the integrable solutions are locally bounded. Thus, the equivalence implies the positive solutions of the PDE system, particularly including the higher integer-order PDE system, also have the corresponding properties.
keywords: weighted Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality method of moving planes axisymmetry. Higher-order Lane-Emden system
Positive solutions of integral systems involving Bessel potentials
Yutian Lei
This paper is concerned with integral systems involving the Bessel potentials. Such integral systems are helpful to understand the corresponding PDE systems, such as some static Shrödinger systems with the critical and the supercritical exponents. We use the lifting lemma on regularity to obtain an integrability interval of solutions. Since the Bessel kernel does not have singularity at infinity, we extend the integrability interval to the whole $[1,\infty]$. Next, we use the method of moving planes to prove the radial symmetry for the positive solution of the system. Based on these results, by an iteration we obtain the estimate of the exponential decay of those solutions near infinity. Finally, we discuss the uniqueness of the positive solution of PDE system under some assumption.
keywords: method of moving planes integrability intervals Integral equations Bessel potential decay rate. Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality radial symmetry
Asymptotic behavior for solutions of some integral equations
Yutian Lei Chao Ma
In this paper we study the asymptotic behavior of the positive solutions of the following system of Euler-Lagrange equations of the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev type in $R^n$

$u(x) = \frac{1}{|x|^{\alpha}}\int_{R^n} \frac{v(y)^q}{|y|^{\beta}|x-y|^{\lambda}} dy $,

$ v(x) = \frac{1}{|x|^{\beta}}\int_{R^n} \frac{u(y)^p}{|y|^{\alpha}|x-y|^{\lambda}}dy. $

We obtain the growth rate of the solutions around the origin and the decay rate near infinity. Some new cases beyond the work of C. Li and J. Lim [17] are studied here. In particular, we remove some technical restrictions of [17], and thus complete the study of the asymptotic behavior of the solutions for non-negative $\alpha$ and $\beta$.

keywords: Integral equations weighted Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality. singularities asymptotic analysis
Decay estimation for positive solutions of a $\gamma$-Laplace equation
Yutian Lei Congming Li Chao Ma
In this paper, we study the properties of the positive solutions of a $\gamma$-Laplace equation in $R^n$

-div$(|\nabla u|^{\gamma-2}\nabla u) =K u^p$,

Here $1<\gamma<2$, $n>\gamma$, $p=\frac{(\gamma-1)(n+\gamma)}{n-\gamma}$ and $K(x)$ is a smooth function bounded by two positive constants. First, the positive solution $u$ of the $\gamma$-Laplace equation above satisfies an integral equation involving a Wolff potential. Based on this, we estimate the decay rate of the positive solutions of the $\gamma$-Laplace equation at infinity. A new method is introduced to fully explore the integrability result established recently by Ma, Chen and Li on Wolff type integral equations to derive the decay estimate.

keywords: asymptotic analysis. decay rate Wolff potential $\gamma$-Laplace equation integral equation
Sharp criteria of Liouville type for some nonlinear systems
Yutian Lei Congming Li
In this paper, we establish the sharp criteria for the nonexistence of positive solutions to the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev (HLS) system of nonlinear equations and the corresponding nonlinear differential systems of Lane-Emden type. These nonexistence results, known as Liouville theorems, are fundamental in PDE theory and applications. A special iteration scheme, a new shooting method and some Pohozaev identities in integral form as well as in differential form are created. Combining these new techniques with some observations and some critical asymptotic analysis, we establish the sharp criteria of Liouville type for our systems of nonlinear equations. Similar results are also derived for the system of Wolff type of integral equations and the system of $\gamma$-Laplace equations. A dichotomy description in terms of existence and nonexistence for solutions with finite energy is also obtained.
keywords: integral equations $\gamma$-Laplace equations. Liouville type theorems Lane-Emden equations Critical exponents

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