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On the time evolution of Wigner measures for Schrödinger equations

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  • In this survey, our aim is to emphasize the main known limitations to the use of Wigner measures for Schrödinger equations. After a short review of successful applications of Wigner measures to study the semi-classical limit of solutions to Schrödinger equations, we list some examples where Wigner measures cannot be a good tool to describe high frequency limits. Typically, the Wigner measures may not capture effects which are not negligible at the pointwise level, or the propagation of Wigner measures may be an ill-posed problem. In the latter situation, two families of functions may have the same Wigner measures at some initial time, but different Wigner measures for a larger time. In the case of systems, this difficulty can partially be avoided by considering more refined Wigner measures such as two-scale Wigner measures; however, we give examples of situations where this quadratic approach fails.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 81S30; Secondary: 35B40, 35C20, 35Q55, 35P25, 81Q05, 81Q20.


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