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Existence and uniqueness of positive solution to a non-local differential equation with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition---A non-monotone case

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  • This paper deals with a class of non-local second order differential equations subject to the homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition. The main concern is positive steady state of the boundary value problem, especially when the equation does not enjoy the monotonicity. Nonexistence, existence and uniqueness of positive steady state for the problem are addressed. In particular, developed is a technique that combines the method of super-sub solutions and the estimation of integral kernels, which enables us to obtain some sufficient conditions for the existence and uniqueness of a positive steady state. Two examples are given to illustrate the obtained results.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 34B18.


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