May  2014, 13(3): 1283-1304. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.1283

On the Cauchy problem for a generalized Camassa-Holm equation with both quadratic and cubic nonlinearity

1. 

Department of mathematics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116, China

2. 

Department of Mathematics, University of Texas-Pan American, Edinburg, Texas 78541, United States

3. 

Department of Mathematics, Zhongshan University, 510275 Guangzhou, China

Received  June 2013 Revised  October 2013 Published  December 2013

In this paper, we study the Cauchy problem for a generalized integrable Camassa-Holm equation with both quadratic and cubic nonlinearity. By overcoming the difficulties caused by the complicated mixed nonlinear structure, we firstly establish the local well-posedness result in Besov spaces, and then present a precise blow-up scenario for strong solutions. Furthermore, we show the existence of single peakon by the method of analysis.
Citation: Xingxing Liu, Zhijun Qiao, Zhaoyang Yin. On the Cauchy problem for a generalized Camassa-Holm equation with both quadratic and cubic nonlinearity. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2014, 13 (3) : 1283-1304. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.1283
References:
[1]

H. Bahouri, Y. Y. Chemin and R. Danchin, Fourier Analysis and Nonlinear Pratial Differential Equations,, Springer-Verlag, (2011).  doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-16830-7.  Google Scholar

[2]

P. M. Bies, P. Górka and E. Reyes, The dual modified Korteweg-de Vries-Fokas-Qiao equation: Geometry and local analysis,, \emph{J. Math. Phys.}, 53 (2012).  doi: 10.1063/1.4736845.  Google Scholar

[3]

R. Camassa and D. Holm, An integrable shallow water equation with peaked solitons,, \emph{Phys. Lett.}, 71 (1993), 1661.  doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.1661.  Google Scholar

[4]

R. Camassa, D. Holm and J. Hyman, A new integrable shallow water equation,, \emph{Adv. Appl. Mech.}, 31 (1994), 1.   Google Scholar

[5]

A. Constantin, Global existence of solutions and breaking waves for a shallow water equation: a geometric approach,, \emph{Ann. Inst. Fourier(Grenoble)}, 50 (2000), 321.   Google Scholar

[6]

A. Constantin, The trajectories of particles in Stokes waves,, \emph{Invent. Math.}, 166 (2006), 523.  doi: 10.1007/s00222-006-0002-5.  Google Scholar

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A. Constantin, Particle trajectories in extreme Stokes waves,, \emph{IMA J. Appl. Math.}, 77 (2012), 293.  doi: 10.1093/imamat/hxs033.  Google Scholar

[8]

A. Constantin and J. Escher, Wave breaking for nonlinear nonlocal shallow water equations,, \emph{Acta Math.}, 181 (1998), 229.  doi: 10.1007/BF02392586.  Google Scholar

[9]

A. Constantin and J. Escher, Well-posedness, global existence and blowup phenomena for a periodic quasi-linear hyperbolic equation,, \emph{Comm. Pure Appl. Math.}, 51 (1998), 475.  doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0312(199805)51:5<475::AID-CPA2>3.0.CO;2-5.  Google Scholar

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A. Constantin and J. Escher, Particle trajectories in solitary water waves,, \emph{Bull. Amer. Math. Soc.}, 44 (2007), 423.  doi: 10.1090/S0273-0979-07-01159-7.  Google Scholar

[11]

A. Constantin and W. Strauss, Stability of peakons,, \emph{Comm. Pure Appl. Math.}, 53 (2000), 603.  doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0312(200005)53:5<603::AID-CPA3>3.3.CO;2-C.  Google Scholar

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A. Constantin and W. Strauss, Stability of a class of solitary waves in compressible elastic rods,, \emph{Phys. Lett. A}, 270 (2000), 140.  doi: 10.1016/S0375-9601(00)00255-3.  Google Scholar

[13]

A. Constantin and W. Strauss, Stability of the Camassa-Holm solitons,, \emph{J. Nonlinear. Sci.}, 12 (2002), 415.  doi: 10.1007/s00332-002-0517-x.  Google Scholar

[14]

R. Danchin, A few remarks on the Camassa-Holm equation,, \emph{Diff. Int. Eq.}, 14 (2001), 953.   Google Scholar

[15]

A. Fokas, The Korteweg-de Vries equation and beyond,, \emph{Acta Appl. Math.}, 39 (1995), 295.  doi: 10.1007/BF00994638.  Google Scholar

[16]

A. Fokas, On a class of physically important integrable equations,, \emph{Physica D}, 87 (1995), 145.  doi: 10.1016/0167-2789(95)00133-O.  Google Scholar

[17]

A. Fokas and B. Fuchssteiner, Symplectic structures, their Bäcklund transformation and hereditary symmetries,, \emph{Physica D}, 4 (1981), 47.  doi: 10.1016/0167-2789(81)90004-X.  Google Scholar

[18]

Y. Fu, G. Gui, C. Qu and Y. Liu, On the Cauchy problem for the integrable Camassa-Holm type equation with cubic nonlinearity,, \emph{J. Differential Equations}, 255 (2013), 1905.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2013.05.024.  Google Scholar

[19]

B. Fuchssteiner, Some tricks from the symmetry-toolbox for nonlinear equations: Generalizations of the Camassa-Holm equation,, \emph{Physica D}, 95 (1996), 229.  doi: 10.1016/0167-2789(96)00048-6.  Google Scholar

[20]

G. Gui, Y. Liu, P. J. Olver and C. Qu, Wave-breaking and peakons for a modified Camassa-Holm equation,, \emph{Comm. Math. Phys.}, 319 (2013), 731.  doi: 10.1007/s00220-012-1566-0.  Google Scholar

[21]

A. Himonas and G. Misiolek, The Cauchy problem for an integrable shallow water equation,, \emph{Diff. Int. Eq.}, 14 (2001), 821.   Google Scholar

[22]

R. Ivanov and T. Lyons, Dark solitons of the Qiao's hierarchy,, \emph{J. Math. Phys.}, 53 (2012).   Google Scholar

[23]

J. B. Li and Y. Zhang, Exact M/W-shape solitary wave solutions determined by a singular traveling wave equation,, \emph{Nonlinear Anal. Real World Appl.}, 10 (2009), 1797.  doi: 10.1016/j.nonrwa.2008.02.016.  Google Scholar

[24]

Y. Li and P. J. Olver, Well-posedness and blow-up solutions for an integrable nonlinear dispersive model wave equation,, \emph{J. Differential Equations}, 162 (2000), 27.  doi: 10.1006/jdeq.1999.3683.  Google Scholar

[25]

X. Liu and Z. Yin, Local well-posedness and stability of peakons for a generalized Dullin-Gottwald-Holm equation,, \emph{Nonlinear Anal. TMA}, 74 (2011), 2497.  doi: 10.1016/j.na.2010.12.005.  Google Scholar

[26]

P. J. Olver and P. Rosenau, Tri-Hamiltonian duality between solitons and solitary-wave solutions having compact support,, \emph{Phys. Rev. E}, 53 (1996), 1900.  doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.53.1900.  Google Scholar

[27]

Z. Qiao, A new integrable equation with cuspon and W/M-shape-peaks solitons,, \emph{J. Math. Phys.}, 47 (2006).  doi: 10.1063/1.2365758.  Google Scholar

[28]

Z. Qiao and X. Li, An integrable equation with nonsmooth solitons,, \emph{Theor. Math. Phys.}, 267 (2011), 584.   Google Scholar

[29]

Z. Qiao, B. Xia and J. B. Li, Integrable system with peakon, weak kink, and kink-peakon interactional solutions,, preprint, ().   Google Scholar

[30]

C. Qu, X. Liu and Y. Liu, Stability of peakons for an integrable modified Camassa-Holm equation with cubic nonlinearity,, \emph{Comm. Math. Phys.}, 322 (2013), 967.  doi: 10.1007/s00220-013-1749-3.  Google Scholar

[31]

G. Rodriguez-Blanco, On the Cauchy problem for the Camassa-Holm equation,, \emph{Nonlinear Anal. TMA}, 46 (2001), 309.  doi: 10.1016/S0362-546X(01)00791-X.  Google Scholar

[32]

S. Sakovich, Smooth soliton solutions of a new integrable equation by Qiao,, \emph{J. Math. Phys.}, 52 (2011).  doi: 10.1063/1.3548837.  Google Scholar

[33]

J. F. Toland, Stokes waves,, \emph{Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal.}, 7 (1996), 1.   Google Scholar

[34]

Z. Yin, On the Cauchy problem for an integrable equation with peakon solutions,, \emph{Illinois. J. Math.}, 47 (2003), 649.   Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

H. Bahouri, Y. Y. Chemin and R. Danchin, Fourier Analysis and Nonlinear Pratial Differential Equations,, Springer-Verlag, (2011).  doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-16830-7.  Google Scholar

[2]

P. M. Bies, P. Górka and E. Reyes, The dual modified Korteweg-de Vries-Fokas-Qiao equation: Geometry and local analysis,, \emph{J. Math. Phys.}, 53 (2012).  doi: 10.1063/1.4736845.  Google Scholar

[3]

R. Camassa and D. Holm, An integrable shallow water equation with peaked solitons,, \emph{Phys. Lett.}, 71 (1993), 1661.  doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.71.1661.  Google Scholar

[4]

R. Camassa, D. Holm and J. Hyman, A new integrable shallow water equation,, \emph{Adv. Appl. Mech.}, 31 (1994), 1.   Google Scholar

[5]

A. Constantin, Global existence of solutions and breaking waves for a shallow water equation: a geometric approach,, \emph{Ann. Inst. Fourier(Grenoble)}, 50 (2000), 321.   Google Scholar

[6]

A. Constantin, The trajectories of particles in Stokes waves,, \emph{Invent. Math.}, 166 (2006), 523.  doi: 10.1007/s00222-006-0002-5.  Google Scholar

[7]

A. Constantin, Particle trajectories in extreme Stokes waves,, \emph{IMA J. Appl. Math.}, 77 (2012), 293.  doi: 10.1093/imamat/hxs033.  Google Scholar

[8]

A. Constantin and J. Escher, Wave breaking for nonlinear nonlocal shallow water equations,, \emph{Acta Math.}, 181 (1998), 229.  doi: 10.1007/BF02392586.  Google Scholar

[9]

A. Constantin and J. Escher, Well-posedness, global existence and blowup phenomena for a periodic quasi-linear hyperbolic equation,, \emph{Comm. Pure Appl. Math.}, 51 (1998), 475.  doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0312(199805)51:5<475::AID-CPA2>3.0.CO;2-5.  Google Scholar

[10]

A. Constantin and J. Escher, Particle trajectories in solitary water waves,, \emph{Bull. Amer. Math. Soc.}, 44 (2007), 423.  doi: 10.1090/S0273-0979-07-01159-7.  Google Scholar

[11]

A. Constantin and W. Strauss, Stability of peakons,, \emph{Comm. Pure Appl. Math.}, 53 (2000), 603.  doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0312(200005)53:5<603::AID-CPA3>3.3.CO;2-C.  Google Scholar

[12]

A. Constantin and W. Strauss, Stability of a class of solitary waves in compressible elastic rods,, \emph{Phys. Lett. A}, 270 (2000), 140.  doi: 10.1016/S0375-9601(00)00255-3.  Google Scholar

[13]

A. Constantin and W. Strauss, Stability of the Camassa-Holm solitons,, \emph{J. Nonlinear. Sci.}, 12 (2002), 415.  doi: 10.1007/s00332-002-0517-x.  Google Scholar

[14]

R. Danchin, A few remarks on the Camassa-Holm equation,, \emph{Diff. Int. Eq.}, 14 (2001), 953.   Google Scholar

[15]

A. Fokas, The Korteweg-de Vries equation and beyond,, \emph{Acta Appl. Math.}, 39 (1995), 295.  doi: 10.1007/BF00994638.  Google Scholar

[16]

A. Fokas, On a class of physically important integrable equations,, \emph{Physica D}, 87 (1995), 145.  doi: 10.1016/0167-2789(95)00133-O.  Google Scholar

[17]

A. Fokas and B. Fuchssteiner, Symplectic structures, their Bäcklund transformation and hereditary symmetries,, \emph{Physica D}, 4 (1981), 47.  doi: 10.1016/0167-2789(81)90004-X.  Google Scholar

[18]

Y. Fu, G. Gui, C. Qu and Y. Liu, On the Cauchy problem for the integrable Camassa-Holm type equation with cubic nonlinearity,, \emph{J. Differential Equations}, 255 (2013), 1905.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2013.05.024.  Google Scholar

[19]

B. Fuchssteiner, Some tricks from the symmetry-toolbox for nonlinear equations: Generalizations of the Camassa-Holm equation,, \emph{Physica D}, 95 (1996), 229.  doi: 10.1016/0167-2789(96)00048-6.  Google Scholar

[20]

G. Gui, Y. Liu, P. J. Olver and C. Qu, Wave-breaking and peakons for a modified Camassa-Holm equation,, \emph{Comm. Math. Phys.}, 319 (2013), 731.  doi: 10.1007/s00220-012-1566-0.  Google Scholar

[21]

A. Himonas and G. Misiolek, The Cauchy problem for an integrable shallow water equation,, \emph{Diff. Int. Eq.}, 14 (2001), 821.   Google Scholar

[22]

R. Ivanov and T. Lyons, Dark solitons of the Qiao's hierarchy,, \emph{J. Math. Phys.}, 53 (2012).   Google Scholar

[23]

J. B. Li and Y. Zhang, Exact M/W-shape solitary wave solutions determined by a singular traveling wave equation,, \emph{Nonlinear Anal. Real World Appl.}, 10 (2009), 1797.  doi: 10.1016/j.nonrwa.2008.02.016.  Google Scholar

[24]

Y. Li and P. J. Olver, Well-posedness and blow-up solutions for an integrable nonlinear dispersive model wave equation,, \emph{J. Differential Equations}, 162 (2000), 27.  doi: 10.1006/jdeq.1999.3683.  Google Scholar

[25]

X. Liu and Z. Yin, Local well-posedness and stability of peakons for a generalized Dullin-Gottwald-Holm equation,, \emph{Nonlinear Anal. TMA}, 74 (2011), 2497.  doi: 10.1016/j.na.2010.12.005.  Google Scholar

[26]

P. J. Olver and P. Rosenau, Tri-Hamiltonian duality between solitons and solitary-wave solutions having compact support,, \emph{Phys. Rev. E}, 53 (1996), 1900.  doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.53.1900.  Google Scholar

[27]

Z. Qiao, A new integrable equation with cuspon and W/M-shape-peaks solitons,, \emph{J. Math. Phys.}, 47 (2006).  doi: 10.1063/1.2365758.  Google Scholar

[28]

Z. Qiao and X. Li, An integrable equation with nonsmooth solitons,, \emph{Theor. Math. Phys.}, 267 (2011), 584.   Google Scholar

[29]

Z. Qiao, B. Xia and J. B. Li, Integrable system with peakon, weak kink, and kink-peakon interactional solutions,, preprint, ().   Google Scholar

[30]

C. Qu, X. Liu and Y. Liu, Stability of peakons for an integrable modified Camassa-Holm equation with cubic nonlinearity,, \emph{Comm. Math. Phys.}, 322 (2013), 967.  doi: 10.1007/s00220-013-1749-3.  Google Scholar

[31]

G. Rodriguez-Blanco, On the Cauchy problem for the Camassa-Holm equation,, \emph{Nonlinear Anal. TMA}, 46 (2001), 309.  doi: 10.1016/S0362-546X(01)00791-X.  Google Scholar

[32]

S. Sakovich, Smooth soliton solutions of a new integrable equation by Qiao,, \emph{J. Math. Phys.}, 52 (2011).  doi: 10.1063/1.3548837.  Google Scholar

[33]

J. F. Toland, Stokes waves,, \emph{Topol. Methods Nonlinear Anal.}, 7 (1996), 1.   Google Scholar

[34]

Z. Yin, On the Cauchy problem for an integrable equation with peakon solutions,, \emph{Illinois. J. Math.}, 47 (2003), 649.   Google Scholar

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