# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

November  2016, 15(6): 2135-2160. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2016031

## Maximal function characterizations of Musielak-Orlicz-Hardy spaces associated to non-negative self-adjoint operators satisfying Gaussian estimates

 1 School of Mathematical Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Laboratory of Mathematics and Complex systems, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100875 2 School of Mathematics and Statistics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000

Received  December 2015 Revised  May 2016 Published  September 2016

Let $L$ be a non-negative self-adjoint operator on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ whose heat kernels have the Gaussian upper bound estimates. Assume that the growth function $\varphi:\mathbb{R}^n\times[0,\infty) \to[0,\infty)$ satisfies that $\varphi(x,\cdot)$ is an Orlicz function and $\varphi(\cdot,t)\in {\mathbb A}_{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (the class of uniformly Muckenhoupt weights). Let $H_{\varphi,L}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be the Musielak-Orlicz-Hardy space introduced via the Lusin area function associated with the heat semigroup of $L$. In this article, the authors obtain several maximal function characterizations of the space $H_{\varphi,L}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, which, especially, answer an open question of L. Song and L. Yan under an additional mild assumption satisfied by Schrödinger operators on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with non-negative potentials belonging to the reverse Hölder class, and second-order divergence form elliptic operators on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with bounded measurable real coefficients.
Citation: Dachun Yang, Sibei Yang. Maximal function characterizations of Musielak-Orlicz-Hardy spaces associated to non-negative self-adjoint operators satisfying Gaussian estimates. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2016, 15 (6) : 2135-2160. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2016031
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