    September  2018, 17(5): 2139-2147. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2018102

## Global behavior of bifurcation curves for the nonlinear eigenvalue problems with periodic nonlinear terms

 Laboratory of Mathematics, Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8527, Japan

* Corresponding author

Received  February 2017 Revised  June 2017 Published  April 2018

We consider the bifurcation problem
 $-u''\left(t \right) = \lambda \left(u\left(t \right)+g\left(u\left(t \right) \right) \right),\;u\left(t \right)>0,\;\;t\in I: = \left(-1, 1 \right),\;\; u\left(\pm 1 \right) = 0,$
where
 $g(u) ∈ C^1(\mathbb{R})$
is a periodic function with period 2π and
 $λ > 0$
is a bifurcation parameter. It is known that, under the appropriate conditions on $g$, $λ$ is parameterized by the maximum norm
 $α = \Vert u_λ\Vert_∞$
of the solution
 $u_λ$
associated with
 $λ$
and is written as
 $λ = λ(α)$
. If
 $g(u)$
is periodic, then it is natural to expect that
 $λ(α)$
is also oscillatory for
 $α \gg 1$
. We give a simple condition of
 $g(u)$
, by which we can easily check whether
 $λ(α)$
is oscillatory and intersects the line
 $λ = π^2/4$
infinitely many times for
 $\alpha \gg 1$
or not.
Citation: Tetsutaro Shibata. Global behavior of bifurcation curves for the nonlinear eigenvalue problems with periodic nonlinear terms. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2018, 17 (5) : 2139-2147. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2018102
##### References:
  A. Ambrosetti, H. Brezis and G. Cerami, Combined effects of concave and convex nonlinearities in some elliptic problems, J. Funct. Anal., 122 (1994), 519-543.   Google Scholar  S. Cano-Casanova and J. López-Gómez, Existence, uniqueness and blow-up rate of large solutions for a canonical class of one-dimensional problems on the half-line, J. Differential Equations, 244 (2008), 3180-3203.   Google Scholar  S. Cano-Casanova and J. López-Gómez, Blow-up rates of radially symmetric large solutions, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 352 (2009), 166-174.   Google Scholar  S. Chen, J. Shi and J. Wei, Bifurcation analysis of the Gierer-Meinhardt system with a saturation in the activator production, Appl. Anal., 93 (2014), 1115-1134.   Google Scholar  Y. J. Cheng, On an open problem of Ambrosetti, Brezis and Cerami, Differential Integral Equations, 15 (2002), 1025-1044.   Google Scholar  R. Chiappinelli, On spectral asymptotics and bifurcation for elliptic operators with odd superlinear term, Nonlinear Anal., 13 (1989), 871-878.   Google Scholar  J. M. Fraile, J. López-Gómez and J. Sabina de Lis, On the global structure of the set of positive solutions of some semilinear elliptic boundary value problems, J. Differential Equations, 123 (1995), 180-212.   Google Scholar  A. Galstian, P. Korman and Y. Li, On the oscillations of the solution curve for a class of semilinear equations, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 321 (2006), 576-588.   Google Scholar  I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series, and Products. Translated from the Russian. Translation edited and with a preface by Daniel Zwillinger and Victor Moll. Eighth edition. Elsevier/Academic Press, Amsterdam, 2015. Google Scholar  P. Korman and Y. Li, Exact multiplicity of positive solutions for concave-convex and convex-concave nonlinearities, J. Differential Equations, 257 (2014), 3730-3737.   Google Scholar  P. Korman and Y. Li, Computing the location and the direction of bifurcation for sign changing solutions, Differ. Equ. Appl., 2 (2010), 1-13.   Google Scholar  P. Korman and Y. Li, Infinitely many solutions at a resonance, Electron. J. Differ. Equ. Conf. 05, 105–111. Google Scholar  P. Korman, An oscillatory bifurcation from infinity, and from zero, NoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl., 15 (2008), 335-345.   Google Scholar  P. Korman, Global Solution Curves for Semilinear Elliptic Equations, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Hackensack, NJ, 2012. Google Scholar  T. Laetsch, The number of solutions of a nonlinear two point boundary value problem, Indiana Univ. Math. J., 20 (1970/1971), 1-13.   Google Scholar  T. Shibata, New method for computing the local behavior of $L_q$-bifurcation curve for logistic equations, Int. J. Math. Anal., 7 (2013), 29-1541.   Google Scholar  T. Shibata, S-shaped bifurcation curves for nonlinear two-parameter problems, Nonlinear Anal., 95 (2014), 796-808.   Google Scholar  T. Shibata, Asymptotic length of bifurcation curves related to inverse bifurcation problems, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 438 (2016), 629-642.   Google Scholar  T. Shibata, Oscillatory bifurcation for semilinear ordinary differential equations, Electron. J. Qual. Theory Differ. Equ., 44 (2016), 1-13.   Google Scholar

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##### References:
  A. Ambrosetti, H. Brezis and G. Cerami, Combined effects of concave and convex nonlinearities in some elliptic problems, J. Funct. Anal., 122 (1994), 519-543.   Google Scholar  S. Cano-Casanova and J. López-Gómez, Existence, uniqueness and blow-up rate of large solutions for a canonical class of one-dimensional problems on the half-line, J. Differential Equations, 244 (2008), 3180-3203.   Google Scholar  S. Cano-Casanova and J. López-Gómez, Blow-up rates of radially symmetric large solutions, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 352 (2009), 166-174.   Google Scholar  S. Chen, J. Shi and J. Wei, Bifurcation analysis of the Gierer-Meinhardt system with a saturation in the activator production, Appl. Anal., 93 (2014), 1115-1134.   Google Scholar  Y. J. Cheng, On an open problem of Ambrosetti, Brezis and Cerami, Differential Integral Equations, 15 (2002), 1025-1044.   Google Scholar  R. Chiappinelli, On spectral asymptotics and bifurcation for elliptic operators with odd superlinear term, Nonlinear Anal., 13 (1989), 871-878.   Google Scholar  J. M. Fraile, J. López-Gómez and J. Sabina de Lis, On the global structure of the set of positive solutions of some semilinear elliptic boundary value problems, J. Differential Equations, 123 (1995), 180-212.   Google Scholar  A. Galstian, P. Korman and Y. Li, On the oscillations of the solution curve for a class of semilinear equations, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 321 (2006), 576-588.   Google Scholar  I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series, and Products. Translated from the Russian. Translation edited and with a preface by Daniel Zwillinger and Victor Moll. Eighth edition. Elsevier/Academic Press, Amsterdam, 2015. Google Scholar  P. Korman and Y. Li, Exact multiplicity of positive solutions for concave-convex and convex-concave nonlinearities, J. Differential Equations, 257 (2014), 3730-3737.   Google Scholar  P. Korman and Y. Li, Computing the location and the direction of bifurcation for sign changing solutions, Differ. Equ. Appl., 2 (2010), 1-13.   Google Scholar  P. Korman and Y. Li, Infinitely many solutions at a resonance, Electron. J. Differ. Equ. Conf. 05, 105–111. Google Scholar  P. Korman, An oscillatory bifurcation from infinity, and from zero, NoDEA Nonlinear Differential Equations Appl., 15 (2008), 335-345.   Google Scholar  P. Korman, Global Solution Curves for Semilinear Elliptic Equations, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Hackensack, NJ, 2012. Google Scholar  T. Laetsch, The number of solutions of a nonlinear two point boundary value problem, Indiana Univ. Math. J., 20 (1970/1971), 1-13.   Google Scholar  T. Shibata, New method for computing the local behavior of $L_q$-bifurcation curve for logistic equations, Int. J. Math. Anal., 7 (2013), 29-1541.   Google Scholar  T. Shibata, S-shaped bifurcation curves for nonlinear two-parameter problems, Nonlinear Anal., 95 (2014), 796-808.   Google Scholar  T. Shibata, Asymptotic length of bifurcation curves related to inverse bifurcation problems, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 438 (2016), 629-642.   Google Scholar  T. Shibata, Oscillatory bifurcation for semilinear ordinary differential equations, Electron. J. Qual. Theory Differ. Equ., 44 (2016), 1-13.   Google Scholar
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