# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

July  2003, 9(4): 969-978. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2003.9.969

## How little is little enough?

 1 Department of Mathematics, University of Alabama in Birmingham, University Station, Birmingham, AL 35294-2060, United States, United States

Received  May 2002 Revised  December 2002 Published  April 2003

Let $f$ be a continuous map $f:X\to X$ of a metric space $X$ into itself. Often the information about the map is presented in the following form: for a finite collection of compact sets $A_1, \ldots, A_n$ it is known which sets have the images containing other sets, and which sets are disjoint. We study similar but weaker than usual conditions on compact sets $A_1, \ldots, A_n$ assuming that the common intersection of all sets $A_1,\ldots, A_n$ is empty (or making even weaker but more technical assumptions). As we show, this implies that the map is chaotic in the sense that it has positive topological entropy, and moreover, there exists an invariant compact set on which $f$ is semiconjugate to a full one-sided shift.
Citation: Alexander Blokh, Eric Teoh. How little is little enough?. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2003, 9 (4) : 969-978. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2003.9.969
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