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Exponentially small splitting for whiskered tori in Hamiltonian systems: flow-box coordinates and upper bounds

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  • We consider a singular or weakly hyperbolic Hamiltonian, with $n+1$ degrees of freedom, as a model for the behaviour of a nearly-integrable Hamiltonian near a simple resonance. The model consists of an integrable Hamiltonian possessing an $n$-dimensional hyperbolic invariant torus with fast frequencies $\omega/\sqrt\varepsilon$ and coincident whiskers, plus a perturbation of order $\mu=\varepsilon^p$. The vector $\omega$ is assumed to satisfy a Diophantine condition.
    We provide a tool to study, in this singular case, the splitting of the perturbed whiskers for $\varepsilon$ small enough, as well as their homoclinic intersections, using the Poincaré--Melnikov method. Due to the exponential smallness of the Melnikov function, the size of the error term has to be carefully controlled. So we introduce flow-box coordinates in order to take advantage of the quasiperiodicity properties of the splitting. As a direct application of this approach, we obtain quite general upper bounds for the splitting.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: 70H08, 34C37, 34C30, 70K45.


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