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Hyperbolic invariant sets with positive measures

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  • In this short paper we prove some results concerning volume-preserving Anosov diffeomorphisms on compact manifolds. The first theorem is that if a $C^{1 + \alpha}$, $\alpha >0$, volume-preserving diffeomorphism on a compact connected manifold has a hyperbolic invariant set with positive volume, then the map is Anosov. The same result had been obtained by Bochi and Viana [2]. This result is not necessarily true for $C^1$ maps. The proof uses a Pugh-Shub type of dynamically defined measure density points, which are different from the standard Lebesgue density points. We then give a direct proof of the ergodicity of $C^{1+\alpha}$ volume preserving Anosov diffeomorphisms, without using the usual Hopf arguments or the Birkhoff ergodic theorem. The method we introduced also has interesting applications to partially hyperbolic and non-uniformly hyperbolic systems.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: 37A25, 37D05, 37D20.


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