American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

March  2007, 19(1): 211-233. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2007.19.211

Nodal solutions for Laplace equations with critical Sobolev and Hardy exponents on $R^N$

 1 Department of Mathematics, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China, China 2 Department of Mathematics, Xiangfan University, Xiangfan, 441053, China

Received  September 2006 Revised  April 2007 Published  June 2007

This paper is concerned with the existence and nodal character of the nontrivial solutions for the following equations involving critical Sobolev and Hardy exponents:

$-\Delta u + u - \mu \frac{u}{|x|^2}=|u|^{2^*-2}u + f(u),$
$u \in H^1_r (\R ^N),(1)$

where $2^$*$=\frac{2N}{N-2}$ is the critical Sobolev exponent for the embedding $H^1_r (\R ^N) \rightarrow L^{2^}$*$(\R ^N)$, $\mu \in [0, \ (\frac {N-2}{2})^2)$ and $f: \R \rightarrow\R$ is a function satisfying some conditions. The main results obtained in this paper are that there exists a nontrivial solution of equation (1) provided $N\ge 4$ and $\mu \in [0, \ (\frac {N-2}{2})^2-1]$ and there exists at least a pair of nontrivial solutions $u^+_k$, $u^-_k$ of problem (1) for each k $\in N \cup \{0\}$ such that both $u^+_k$ and $u^-_k$ possess exactly k nodes provided $N\ge 6$ and $\mu \in [0, \ (\frac {N-2}{2})^2-4]$.

Citation: Yinbin Deng, Qi Gao, Dandan Zhang. Nodal solutions for Laplace equations with critical Sobolev and Hardy exponents on $R^N$. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2007, 19 (1) : 211-233. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2007.19.211
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