# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

November  2008, 21(4): 1129-1157. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2008.21.1129

## Decay and local eventual positivity for biharmonic parabolic equations

 1 Dipartimento di Matematica dell’Università di Milano-Bicocca, Via Cozzi 53, Milano, 20125, Italy 2 Dipartimento di Matematica Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133 Milano 3 Fakultät für Mathematik, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität, Postfach 4120, 39016 Magdeburg

Received  August 2007 Revised  December 2007 Published  May 2008

We study existence and positivity properties for solutions of Cauchy problems for both linear and semilinear parabolic equations with the biharmonic operator as elliptic principal part. The self-similar kernel of the parabolic operator $\partial_t+\Delta^2$ is a sign changing function and the solution of the evolution problem with a positive initial datum may display almost instantaneous change of sign. We determine conditions on the initial datum for which the corresponding solution exhibits some kind of positivity behaviour. We prove eventual local positivity properties both in the linear and semilinear case. At the same time, we show that negativity of the solution may occur also for arbitrarily large given time, provided the initial datum is suitably constructed.
Citation: Alberto Ferrero, Filippo Gazzola, Hans-Christoph Grunau. Decay and local eventual positivity for biharmonic parabolic equations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2008, 21 (4) : 1129-1157. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2008.21.1129
 [1] Jun Zhou. Lifespan of solutions to a fourth order parabolic PDE involving the Hessian modeling epitaxial growth. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (12) : 5581-5590. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020252 [2] Shasha Hu, Yihong Xu, Yuhan Zhang. Second-Order characterizations for set-valued equilibrium problems with variable ordering structures. Journal of Industrial & Management Optimization, 2020  doi: 10.3934/jimo.2020164 [3] Gunther Uhlmann, Jian Zhai. Inverse problems for nonlinear hyperbolic equations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2021, 41 (1) : 455-469. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020380 [4] Monia Capanna, Jean C. Nakasato, Marcone C. Pereira, Julio D. Rossi. Homogenization for nonlocal problems with smooth kernels. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020385 [5] Christian Beck, Lukas Gonon, Martin Hutzenthaler, Arnulf Jentzen. On existence and uniqueness properties for solutions of stochastic fixed point equations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020320 [6] Vieri Benci, Sunra Mosconi, Marco Squassina. Preface: Applications of mathematical analysis to problems in theoretical physics. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020446 [7] Lars Grüne, Matthias A. Müller, Christopher M. Kellett, Steven R. Weller. Strict dissipativity for discrete time discounted optimal control problems. Mathematical Control & Related Fields, 2020  doi: 10.3934/mcrf.2020046 [8] Shiqiu Fu, Kanishka Perera. On a class of semipositone problems with singular Trudinger-Moser nonlinearities. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020452 [9] Zhiyan Ding, Qin Li, Jianfeng Lu. Ensemble Kalman Inversion for nonlinear problems: Weights, consistency, and variance bounds. Foundations of Data Science, 2020  doi: 10.3934/fods.2020018 [10] Yi-Hsuan Lin, Gen Nakamura, Roland Potthast, Haibing Wang. Duality between range and no-response tests and its application for inverse problems. Inverse Problems & Imaging, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2020072 [11] Giuseppina Guatteri, Federica Masiero. Stochastic maximum principle for problems with delay with dependence on the past through general measures. Mathematical Control & Related Fields, 2020  doi: 10.3934/mcrf.2020048 [12] Kha Van Huynh, Barbara Kaltenbacher. Some application examples of minimization based formulations of inverse problems and their regularization. Inverse Problems & Imaging, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2020074 [13] Antoine Benoit. Weak well-posedness of hyperbolic boundary value problems in a strip: when instabilities do not reflect the geometry. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (12) : 5475-5486. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020248 [14] Anna Canale, Francesco Pappalardo, Ciro Tarantino. Weighted multipolar Hardy inequalities and evolution problems with Kolmogorov operators perturbed by singular potentials. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020274 [15] Mokhtar Bouloudene, Manar A. Alqudah, Fahd Jarad, Yassine Adjabi, Thabet Abdeljawad. Nonlinear singular $p$ -Laplacian boundary value problems in the frame of conformable derivative. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020442 [16] Nicolas Rougerie. On two properties of the Fisher information. Kinetic & Related Models, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/krm.2020049 [17] Mathew Gluck. Classification of solutions to a system of $n^{\rm th}$ order equations on $\mathbb R^n$. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (12) : 5413-5436. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020246 [18] Qianqian Han, Xiao-Song Yang. Qualitative analysis of a generalized Nosé-Hoover oscillator. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020346 [19] Zuliang Lu, Fei Huang, Xiankui Wu, Lin Li, Shang Liu. Convergence and quasi-optimality of $L^2-$norms based an adaptive finite element method for nonlinear optimal control problems. Electronic Research Archive, 2020, 28 (4) : 1459-1486. doi: 10.3934/era.2020077 [20] Huiying Fan, Tao Ma. Parabolic equations involving Laguerre operators and weighted mixed-norm estimates. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (12) : 5487-5508. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020249

2019 Impact Factor: 1.338