# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

August  2009, 24(3): 909-932. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2009.24.909

## Regularization of simultaneous binary collisions and solutions with singularity in the collinear four-body problem

 1 Department of Mathematics, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 84602, United States 2 Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Virginia State University, Petersburg, Virginia 23806, United States

Received  February 2008 Revised  December 2008 Published  April 2009

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the asymptotic properties of collision orbits of Newtonian $N$-body problems. We construct new coordinates and time transformation that regularize the singularities of simultaneous binary collisions in the collinear four-body problem. The motion in the new coordinates and time scale across simultaneous binary collisions at least $C^2$. The explicit formulae are given in detail for the transformations and the extension of solutions. Furthermore, we study the behaviors of the motion approaching, across and after the simultaneous binary collision. Numerical simulations have been conducted for the special case in which the bodies are distributed symmetrically about the center of mass.
Citation: Tiancheng Ouyang, Zhifu Xie. Regularization of simultaneous binary collisions and solutions with singularity in the collinear four-body problem. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2009, 24 (3) : 909-932. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2009.24.909
 [1] Vivina Barutello, Gian Marco Canneori, Susanna Terracini. Minimal collision arcs asymptotic to central configurations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2021, 41 (1) : 61-86. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020218 [2] Zhilei Liang, Jiangyu Shuai. Existence of strong solution for the Cauchy problem of fully compressible Navier-Stokes equations in two dimensions. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020348 [3] Min Chen, Olivier Goubet, Shenghao Li. Mathematical analysis of bump to bucket problem. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (12) : 5567-5580. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020251 [4] Qingfang Wang, Hua Yang. Solutions of nonlocal problem with critical exponent. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (12) : 5591-5608. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020253 [5] Stefano Bianchini, Paolo Bonicatto. Forward untangling and applications to the uniqueness problem for the continuity equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020384 [6] Marco Ghimenti, Anna Maria Micheletti. Compactness results for linearly perturbed Yamabe problem on manifolds with boundary. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020453 [7] Alberto Bressan, Sondre Tesdal Galtung. A 2-dimensional shape optimization problem for tree branches. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2020  doi: 10.3934/nhm.2020031 [8] Fioralba Cakoni, Pu-Zhao Kow, Jenn-Nan Wang. The interior transmission eigenvalue problem for elastic waves in media with obstacles. Inverse Problems & Imaging, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2020075 [9] Marion Darbas, Jérémy Heleine, Stephanie Lohrengel. Numerical resolution by the quasi-reversibility method of a data completion problem for Maxwell's equations. Inverse Problems & Imaging, 2020, 14 (6) : 1107-1133. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2020056 [10] Shenglan Xie, Maoan Han, Peng Zhu. A posteriori error estimate of weak Galerkin fem for second order elliptic problem with mixed boundary condition. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020340 [11] Gang Bao, Mingming Zhang, Bin Hu, Peijun Li. An adaptive finite element DtN method for the three-dimensional acoustic scattering problem. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020351 [12] Mehdi Badsi. Collisional sheath solutions of a bi-species Vlasov-Poisson-Boltzmann boundary value problem. Kinetic & Related Models, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/krm.2020052 [13] Lingfeng Li, Shousheng Luo, Xue-Cheng Tai, Jiang Yang. A new variational approach based on level-set function for convex hull problem with outliers. Inverse Problems & Imaging, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2020070 [14] Shiqi Ma. On recent progress of single-realization recoveries of random Schrödinger systems. Electronic Research Archive, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/era.2020121 [15] Kha Van Huynh, Barbara Kaltenbacher. Some application examples of minimization based formulations of inverse problems and their regularization. Inverse Problems & Imaging, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2020074 [16] Agnaldo José Ferrari, Tatiana Miguel Rodrigues de Souza. Rotated $A_n$-lattice codes of full diversity. Advances in Mathematics of Communications, 2020  doi: 10.3934/amc.2020118 [17] Yongge Tian, Pengyang Xie. Simultaneous optimal predictions under two seemingly unrelated linear random-effects models. Journal of Industrial & Management Optimization, 2020  doi: 10.3934/jimo.2020168 [18] Yu Zhou, Xinfeng Dong, Yongzhuang Wei, Fengrong Zhang. A note on the Signal-to-noise ratio of $(n, m)$-functions. Advances in Mathematics of Communications, 2020  doi: 10.3934/amc.2020117 [19] Mathew Gluck. Classification of solutions to a system of $n^{\rm th}$ order equations on $\mathbb R^n$. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (12) : 5413-5436. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020246 [20] Jia Cai, Guanglong Xu, Zhensheng Hu. Sketch-based image retrieval via CAT loss with elastic net regularization. Mathematical Foundations of Computing, 2020, 3 (4) : 219-227. doi: 10.3934/mfc.2020013

2019 Impact Factor: 1.338