    February  2009, 25(1): 123-132. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2009.25.123

## On the long-time limit of positive solutions to the degenerate logistic equation

 1 Department of Mathematics, School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW2351, Australia 2 Department of Mathematics, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Ohkubo, Shinjuku-ku 169-8555, Tokyo

Received  November 2006 Revised  December 2007 Published  June 2009

We study the long-time behavior of positive solutions to the problem

$u_t-\Delta u=a u-b(x)u^p \mbox{ in } (0,\infty)\times \Omega, Bu=0 \mbox{ on } (0,\infty)\times \partial \Omega,$

where $a$ is a real parameter, $b\geq 0$ is in $C^\mu(\bar{\Omega})$ and $p>1$ is a constant, $\Omega$ is a $C^{2+\mu}$ bounded domain in $R^N$ ($N\geq 2$), the boundary operator $B$ is of the standard Dirichlet, Neumann or Robyn type. Under the assumption that $\overline\Omega_0$:=$\{x\in\Omega: b(x)=0\}$ has non-empty interior, is connected, has smooth boundary and is contained in $\Omega$, it is shown in  that when $a\geq \lambda_1^D(\Omega_0)$, for any fixed $x\in \overline{\Omega}_0$, $\overline{\lim}_{t\to\infty}u(t,x)$=$\infty$, and for any fixed $x\in \overline{\Omega}\setminus \overline{\Omega}_0$,

$\overline{\lim}_{t\to\infty}u(t,x)\leq \overline{U}_a(x), \underline{\lim}_{t\to\infty}u(t,x)\geq \underline{U}_a(x), where$\underline{U}_a$and$\overline{U}_a$denote respectively the minimal and maximal positive solutions of the boundary blow-up problem$-\Delta u=au-b(x)u^p \mbox{ in} \ \Omega\setminus\overline{\Omega}_0,\ Bu=0 \mbox{ on}\ \partial \Omega,\ \ u=\infty \mbox{ on}\ \partial \Omega_0.$The main purpose of this paper is to show that, under the above assumptions,$\lim_{t\to\infty} u(t,x)=\underline U_a(x),\forall x\in \overline\Omega\setminus \overline\Omega_0.\$

This proves a conjecture stated in . Some extensions of this result are also discussed.

Citation: Yihong Du, Yoshio Yamada. On the long-time limit of positive solutions to the degenerate logistic equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2009, 25 (1) : 123-132. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2009.25.123
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