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Ulam's method for some non-uniformly expanding maps

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  • Certain dynamical systems on the interval with indifferent fixed points admit invariant probability measures which are absolutely continuous with respect to Lebesgue measure. These maps are often used as a model of intermittent dynamics, and they exhibit sub-exponential decay of correlations (due to the absence of a spectral gap in the underlying transfer operator). This paper concerns a class of these maps which are expanding (with convex branches), but admit an indifferent fixed point with tangency of $O(x^{1+\alpha})$ at $x=0$ ($0<\alpha<1$). The main results show that invariant probability measures can be rigorously approximated by a finite calculation. More precisely: Ulam's method (a sequence of computable finite rank approximations to the transfer operator) exhibits $L^1$ - convergence; and the $n$th approximate invariant density is accurate to at least $O(n^{-(1-\alpha)^2})$. Explicitly given non-uniform Ulam methods can improve this rate to $O(n^{-(1-\alpha)})$.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 37M25; Secondary: 28D05.

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