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Article Contents

# On universal relations in 2-D turbulence

• A rigorous study of universal laws of 2-D turbulence is presented for time independent forcing at all length scales. Conditions for energy and enstrophy cascades are derived, both for a general force, and for one with a large gap in its spectrum. It is shown in the gap case that either a direct cascade of enstrophy or an inverse cascade of energy must hold, provided the gap modes of the velocity has a nonzero ensemble average. Partial rigorous support for 2-D analogs of Kolmogorov's 3-D dissipation law, as well as the power law for the distribution of energy are given.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35Q30, 76F02.

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