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Longtime behavior for a model of homogeneous incompressible two-phase flows

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  • We consider a diffuse interface model for the evolution of an iso-thermal incompressible two-phase flow in a two-dimensional bounded domain. The model consists of the Navier-Stokes equation for the fluid velocity u coupled with a convective Allen-Cahn equation for the order (phase) parameter $\phi$, both endowed with suitable boundary conditions. We analyze the asymptotic behavior of the solutions within the theory of infinite-dimensional dissipative dynamical systems. We first prove that the initial and boundary value problem generates a strongly continuous semigroup on a suitable phase space which possesses the global attractor $ \mathcal{A}$. Then we establish the existence of an exponential attractor $ \mathcal{E}$ which entails that $\mathcal{A}$ has finite fractal dimension. This dimension is then estimated in terms of some model parameters. Moreover, assuming the potential to be real analytic, we demonstrate that, in absence of external forces, each trajectory converges to a single equilibrium by means of a Łojasiewicz-Simon inequality. We also obtain a convergence rate estimate. Finally, we discuss the case where $\phi $ is forced to take values in a bounded interval, e.g., by a so-called singular potential.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35B40, 35B41, 35K55, 35Q35, 37L30; Secondary: 76D05, 76T99.

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