March  2011, 31(1): 221-238. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2011.31.221

Orbital stability of periodic waves for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system

1. 

Universidade Estadual de Maringá - UEM, Avenida Colombo, 5790, CEP 87020-900, Maringá

2. 

IMECC–UNICAMP, Rua Sérgio Buarque de Holanda, 651, CEP 13083-859, Campinas, SP, Brazil

Received  December 2009 Revised  April 2011 Published  June 2011

This article deals with the existence and orbital stability of a two--parameter family of periodic traveling-wave solutions for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system with Yukawa interaction. The existence of such a family of periodic waves is deduced from the Implicit Function Theorem, and the orbital stability is obtained from arguments due to Benjamin, Bona, and Weinstein.
Citation: Fábio Natali, Ademir Pastor. Orbital stability of periodic waves for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2011, 31 (1) : 221-238. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2011.31.221
References:
[1]

J. Angulo Pava, Nonlinear stability of periodic traveling wave solutions to the Schrödinger and modified Korteweg-de Vries equations,, J. Differential Equations, 235 (2007), 1.   Google Scholar

[2]

J. Angulo Pava, J. L. Bona, and M. Scialom, Stability of cnoidal waves,, Adv. Differential Equations, 11 (2006), 1321.   Google Scholar

[3]

J. Angulo Pava, C. Matheus and D. Pilod, Global well-posedness and non-linear stability of periodic traveling waves for a Schrödinger-Benjamin-Ono system,, Commun. Pure Appl. Anal., 8 (2009), 815.   Google Scholar

[4]

J. Angulo Pava and F. Natali, Positivity properties of the Fourier transform and stability of periodic travelling-wave solutions,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 40 (2008), 1123.  doi: 10.1137/080718450.  Google Scholar

[5]

J. Angulo Pava and F. Natali, Stability and instability of periodic travelling wave solutions for the critical Korteweg-de Vries and non-linear Schrödinger equations,, Physica D, 238 (2009), 603.  doi: 10.1016/j.physd.2008.12.011.  Google Scholar

[6]

J. Angulo Pava and A. Pastor Ferreira, Stability of periodic optical solitons for a nonlinear Schrödinger system,, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A, 139 (2009), 927.   Google Scholar

[7]

J.-B. Baillon and J. M. Chadam, The Cauchy problem for the coupled Schrödinger-Klein-Gordon equations,, in, (1978), 37.  doi: 10.1016/S0304-0208(08)70857-0.  Google Scholar

[8]

T. B. Benjamin, The stability of solitary waves,, Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A, 338 (1972), 153.   Google Scholar

[9]

J. L. Bona, On the stability theory of solitary waves,, Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A, 344 (1975), 363.  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1975.0106.  Google Scholar

[10]

P. F. Byrd and M. D. Friedman, "Handbook of Elliptic Integrals for Engineers and Scientists,'', $2^{nd}$ edition, (1971).   Google Scholar

[11]

T. Cazenave and P.-L. Lions, Orbital stability of standing waves for some Schrödinger equations,, Comm. Math. Phys., 85 (1982), 549.  doi: 10.1007/BF01403504.  Google Scholar

[12]

J. Colliander, J. Holmer and N. Tzirakis, Low regularity global well-posedness for the Zakharov and Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger systems,, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 360 (2008), 4619.  doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-08-04295-5.  Google Scholar

[13]

I. Fukuda and M. Tsutsumi, On coupled Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger equations. II,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 66 (1978), 358.  doi: 10.1016/0022-247X(78)90239-1.  Google Scholar

[14]

T. Gallay and M. Hărăguş, Stability of small periodic waves for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation,, J. Differential Equations, 234 (2007), 544.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2006.12.007.  Google Scholar

[15]

T. Gallay and M. Hărăguş, Orbital Stability of periodic waves for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation,, J. Dynam. Differential Equations, 19 (2007), 825.  doi: 10.1007/s10884-007-9071-4.  Google Scholar

[16]

M. Grillakis, J. Shatah and W. Strauss, Stability theory of solitary waves in the presence of symmetry. I,, J. Funct. Anal., 74 (1987), 160.  doi: 10.1016/0022-1236(87)90044-9.  Google Scholar

[17]

M. Grillakis, J. Shatah and W. Strauss, Stability theory of solitary waves in the presence of symmetry. II,, J. Funct. Anal., 94 (1990), 308.  doi: 10.1016/0022-1236(90)90016-E.  Google Scholar

[18]

M. Grillakis, Linearized instability for nonlinear Schrödinger and Klein-Gordon equations,, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 41 (1988), 747.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160410602.  Google Scholar

[19]

M. Grillakis, Analysis of the linearization around a critical point of an infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian system,, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 43 (1990), 299.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160430302.  Google Scholar

[20]

T. Kato, "Perturbation Theory for Linear Operators,'', reprint of the 1980 edition, (1980).   Google Scholar

[21]

H. Kikuchi and M. Ohta, Instability of standing waves for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system,, Hokkaido Math. J., 37 (2008), 735.   Google Scholar

[22]

H. Kikuchi and M. Ohta, Stability of standing waves for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 365 (2010), 109.  doi: 10.1016/j.jmaa.2009.10.024.  Google Scholar

[23]

W. Magnus and S. Winkler, "Hill's Equation,'', corrected reprint of the 1966 edition, (1966).   Google Scholar

[24]

F. Natali and A. Pastor Ferreira, Stability properties of periodic standing waves for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system,, Commun. Pure Appl. Anal., 9 (2010), 413.  doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2010.9.413.  Google Scholar

[25]

F. Natali and A. Pastor Ferreira, Stability and instability of periodic standing wave solutions for some Klein-Gordon equations,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 347 (2008), 428.  doi: 10.1016/j.jmaa.2008.06.033.  Google Scholar

[26]

M. Ohta, Stability of solitary waves for coupled Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger equations in one space dimension,, Variational Problems and Related Topics, 1076 (1999), 83.   Google Scholar

[27]

M. Ohta, Stability of stationary states for the coupled Klein-Gordon-Schrdinger equations,, Nonlinear Anal., 27 (1996), 455.  doi: 10.1016/0362-546X(95)00017-P.  Google Scholar

[28]

H. Pecher, Global solutions of the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system with rough data,, Differential Integral Equations, 17 (2004), 179.   Google Scholar

[29]

S. Rabsztyn, On the Cauchy problem for the coupled Schrödinger-Klein-Gordon equations in one space dimension,, J. Math. Phys., 25 (1984), 1262.  doi: 10.1063/1.526281.  Google Scholar

[30]

M. Reed and B. Simon, "Methods of Modern Mathematical Physics,", \textbf{IV}, IV (1978).   Google Scholar

[31]

X.-Y. Tang and W. Ding, The general Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system: Modulational instability and exact solutions,, Phys. Scr., 77 (2008), 1.  doi: 10.1088/0031-8949/77/01/015004.  Google Scholar

[32]

N. Tzirakis, The Cauchy problem for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system in low dimensions below the energy space,, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 30 (2005), 605.  doi: 10.1081/PDE-200059260.  Google Scholar

[33]

M. I. Weinstein, Lyapunov stability of ground states of nonlinear dispersive evolution equations,, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 39 (1986), 51.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160390103.  Google Scholar

[34]

M. I. Weinstein, Modulational stability of ground states of nonlinear Schrödinger equations,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 16 (1985), 472.  doi: 10.1137/0516034.  Google Scholar

[35]

M. Y. Yu and P. K. Shukla, On the formation of upper-hybrid solitons,, Plasma Phys., 19 (1977), 889.  doi: 10.1088/0032-1028/19/9/008.  Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

J. Angulo Pava, Nonlinear stability of periodic traveling wave solutions to the Schrödinger and modified Korteweg-de Vries equations,, J. Differential Equations, 235 (2007), 1.   Google Scholar

[2]

J. Angulo Pava, J. L. Bona, and M. Scialom, Stability of cnoidal waves,, Adv. Differential Equations, 11 (2006), 1321.   Google Scholar

[3]

J. Angulo Pava, C. Matheus and D. Pilod, Global well-posedness and non-linear stability of periodic traveling waves for a Schrödinger-Benjamin-Ono system,, Commun. Pure Appl. Anal., 8 (2009), 815.   Google Scholar

[4]

J. Angulo Pava and F. Natali, Positivity properties of the Fourier transform and stability of periodic travelling-wave solutions,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 40 (2008), 1123.  doi: 10.1137/080718450.  Google Scholar

[5]

J. Angulo Pava and F. Natali, Stability and instability of periodic travelling wave solutions for the critical Korteweg-de Vries and non-linear Schrödinger equations,, Physica D, 238 (2009), 603.  doi: 10.1016/j.physd.2008.12.011.  Google Scholar

[6]

J. Angulo Pava and A. Pastor Ferreira, Stability of periodic optical solitons for a nonlinear Schrödinger system,, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A, 139 (2009), 927.   Google Scholar

[7]

J.-B. Baillon and J. M. Chadam, The Cauchy problem for the coupled Schrödinger-Klein-Gordon equations,, in, (1978), 37.  doi: 10.1016/S0304-0208(08)70857-0.  Google Scholar

[8]

T. B. Benjamin, The stability of solitary waves,, Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A, 338 (1972), 153.   Google Scholar

[9]

J. L. Bona, On the stability theory of solitary waves,, Proc. Roy. Soc. London Ser. A, 344 (1975), 363.  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1975.0106.  Google Scholar

[10]

P. F. Byrd and M. D. Friedman, "Handbook of Elliptic Integrals for Engineers and Scientists,'', $2^{nd}$ edition, (1971).   Google Scholar

[11]

T. Cazenave and P.-L. Lions, Orbital stability of standing waves for some Schrödinger equations,, Comm. Math. Phys., 85 (1982), 549.  doi: 10.1007/BF01403504.  Google Scholar

[12]

J. Colliander, J. Holmer and N. Tzirakis, Low regularity global well-posedness for the Zakharov and Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger systems,, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 360 (2008), 4619.  doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-08-04295-5.  Google Scholar

[13]

I. Fukuda and M. Tsutsumi, On coupled Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger equations. II,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 66 (1978), 358.  doi: 10.1016/0022-247X(78)90239-1.  Google Scholar

[14]

T. Gallay and M. Hărăguş, Stability of small periodic waves for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation,, J. Differential Equations, 234 (2007), 544.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2006.12.007.  Google Scholar

[15]

T. Gallay and M. Hărăguş, Orbital Stability of periodic waves for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation,, J. Dynam. Differential Equations, 19 (2007), 825.  doi: 10.1007/s10884-007-9071-4.  Google Scholar

[16]

M. Grillakis, J. Shatah and W. Strauss, Stability theory of solitary waves in the presence of symmetry. I,, J. Funct. Anal., 74 (1987), 160.  doi: 10.1016/0022-1236(87)90044-9.  Google Scholar

[17]

M. Grillakis, J. Shatah and W. Strauss, Stability theory of solitary waves in the presence of symmetry. II,, J. Funct. Anal., 94 (1990), 308.  doi: 10.1016/0022-1236(90)90016-E.  Google Scholar

[18]

M. Grillakis, Linearized instability for nonlinear Schrödinger and Klein-Gordon equations,, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 41 (1988), 747.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160410602.  Google Scholar

[19]

M. Grillakis, Analysis of the linearization around a critical point of an infinite-dimensional Hamiltonian system,, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 43 (1990), 299.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160430302.  Google Scholar

[20]

T. Kato, "Perturbation Theory for Linear Operators,'', reprint of the 1980 edition, (1980).   Google Scholar

[21]

H. Kikuchi and M. Ohta, Instability of standing waves for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system,, Hokkaido Math. J., 37 (2008), 735.   Google Scholar

[22]

H. Kikuchi and M. Ohta, Stability of standing waves for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 365 (2010), 109.  doi: 10.1016/j.jmaa.2009.10.024.  Google Scholar

[23]

W. Magnus and S. Winkler, "Hill's Equation,'', corrected reprint of the 1966 edition, (1966).   Google Scholar

[24]

F. Natali and A. Pastor Ferreira, Stability properties of periodic standing waves for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system,, Commun. Pure Appl. Anal., 9 (2010), 413.  doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2010.9.413.  Google Scholar

[25]

F. Natali and A. Pastor Ferreira, Stability and instability of periodic standing wave solutions for some Klein-Gordon equations,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 347 (2008), 428.  doi: 10.1016/j.jmaa.2008.06.033.  Google Scholar

[26]

M. Ohta, Stability of solitary waves for coupled Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger equations in one space dimension,, Variational Problems and Related Topics, 1076 (1999), 83.   Google Scholar

[27]

M. Ohta, Stability of stationary states for the coupled Klein-Gordon-Schrdinger equations,, Nonlinear Anal., 27 (1996), 455.  doi: 10.1016/0362-546X(95)00017-P.  Google Scholar

[28]

H. Pecher, Global solutions of the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system with rough data,, Differential Integral Equations, 17 (2004), 179.   Google Scholar

[29]

S. Rabsztyn, On the Cauchy problem for the coupled Schrödinger-Klein-Gordon equations in one space dimension,, J. Math. Phys., 25 (1984), 1262.  doi: 10.1063/1.526281.  Google Scholar

[30]

M. Reed and B. Simon, "Methods of Modern Mathematical Physics,", \textbf{IV}, IV (1978).   Google Scholar

[31]

X.-Y. Tang and W. Ding, The general Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system: Modulational instability and exact solutions,, Phys. Scr., 77 (2008), 1.  doi: 10.1088/0031-8949/77/01/015004.  Google Scholar

[32]

N. Tzirakis, The Cauchy problem for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system in low dimensions below the energy space,, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 30 (2005), 605.  doi: 10.1081/PDE-200059260.  Google Scholar

[33]

M. I. Weinstein, Lyapunov stability of ground states of nonlinear dispersive evolution equations,, Comm. Pure Appl. Math., 39 (1986), 51.  doi: 10.1002/cpa.3160390103.  Google Scholar

[34]

M. I. Weinstein, Modulational stability of ground states of nonlinear Schrödinger equations,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 16 (1985), 472.  doi: 10.1137/0516034.  Google Scholar

[35]

M. Y. Yu and P. K. Shukla, On the formation of upper-hybrid solitons,, Plasma Phys., 19 (1977), 889.  doi: 10.1088/0032-1028/19/9/008.  Google Scholar

[1]

Fábio Natali, Ademir Pastor. Stability properties of periodic standing waves for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2010, 9 (2) : 413-430. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2010.9.413

[2]

Marilena N. Poulou, Nikolaos M. Stavrakakis. Finite dimensionality of a Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger type system. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2009, 2 (1) : 149-161. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2009.2.149

[3]

Pavlos Xanthopoulos, Georgios E. Zouraris. A linearly implicit finite difference method for a Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system modeling electron-ion plasma waves. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2008, 10 (1) : 239-263. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2008.10.239

[4]

Adriana Flores de Almeida, Marcelo Moreira Cavalcanti, Janaina Pedroso Zanchetta. Exponential stability for the coupled Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger equations with locally distributed damping. Evolution Equations & Control Theory, 2019, 8 (4) : 847-865. doi: 10.3934/eect.2019041

[5]

Weizhu Bao, Chunmei Su. Uniform error estimates of a finite difference method for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system in the nonrelativistic and massless limit regimes. Kinetic & Related Models, 2018, 11 (4) : 1037-1062. doi: 10.3934/krm.2018040

[6]

Salah Missaoui, Ezzeddine Zahrouni. Regularity of the attractor for a coupled Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system with cubic nonlinearities in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2015, 14 (2) : 695-716. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2015.14.695

[7]

Ahmed Y. Abdallah. Asymptotic behavior of the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger lattice dynamical systems. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2006, 5 (1) : 55-69. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2006.5.55

[8]

E. Compaan, N. Tzirakis. Low-regularity global well-posedness for the Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger system on $ \mathbb{R}^+ $. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2019, 39 (7) : 3867-3895. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2019156

[9]

Ji Shu. Random attractors for stochastic discrete Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger equations driven by fractional Brownian motions. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2017, 22 (4) : 1587-1599. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2017077

[10]

A. F. Almeida, M. M. Cavalcanti, J. P. Zanchetta. Exponential decay for the coupled Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger equations with locally distributed damping. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2018, 17 (5) : 2039-2061. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2018097

[11]

Caidi Zhao, Gang Xue, Grzegorz Łukaszewicz. Pullback attractors and invariant measures for discrete Klein-Gordon-Schrödinger equations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2018, 23 (9) : 4021-4044. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018122

[12]

Sevdzhan Hakkaev. Orbital stability of solitary waves of the Schrödinger-Boussinesq equation. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2007, 6 (4) : 1043-1050. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2007.6.1043

[13]

Yang Han. On the cauchy problem for the coupled Klein Gordon Schrödinger system with rough data. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2005, 12 (2) : 233-242. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2005.12.233

[14]

Yonggeun Cho, Hichem Hajaiej, Gyeongha Hwang, Tohru Ozawa. On the orbital stability of fractional Schrödinger equations. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2014, 13 (3) : 1267-1282. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.1267

[15]

Wen Feng, Milena Stanislavova, Atanas Stefanov. On the spectral stability of ground states of semi-linear Schrödinger and Klein-Gordon equations with fractional dispersion. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2018, 17 (4) : 1371-1385. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2018067

[16]

Jun-ichi Segata. Initial value problem for the fourth order nonlinear Schrödinger type equation on torus and orbital stability of standing waves. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2015, 14 (3) : 843-859. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2015.14.843

[17]

Hartmut Pecher. Low regularity well-posedness for the 3D Klein - Gordon - Schrödinger system. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2012, 11 (3) : 1081-1096. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2012.11.1081

[18]

Olivier Goubet, Marilena N. Poulou. Semi discrete weakly damped nonlinear Klein-Gordon Schrödinger system. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2014, 13 (4) : 1525-1539. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.1525

[19]

Hiroaki Kikuchi. Remarks on the orbital instability of standing waves for the wave-Schrödinger system in higher dimensions. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2010, 9 (2) : 351-364. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2010.9.351

[20]

P. D'Ancona. On large potential perturbations of the Schrödinger, wave and Klein–Gordon equations. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (1) : 609-640. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020029

2018 Impact Factor: 1.143

Metrics

  • PDF downloads (8)
  • HTML views (0)
  • Cited by (4)

Other articles
by authors

[Back to Top]