American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

October  2014, 34(10): 4211-4222. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2014.34.4211

Invariant measures for non-autonomous dissipative dynamical systems

 1 University of Warsaw, Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Banacha 2, 02-097 Warsaw 2 Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL., United Kingdom

Received  December 2008 Revised  November 2009 Published  April 2014

Given a non-autonomous process $U(\cdot,\cdot)$ on a complete separable metric space $X$ that has a pullback attractor $A(\cdot)$, we construct a family of invariant Borel probability measures $\{\mu_t\}_{t\in \mathbb{R}}$: the measures satisfy ${\rm supp }\,{\mu_t}\subset A(t)$ for all $t\in \mathbb{R}$ and the invariance property $\mu_t(E)=\mu_\tau(U(t,\tau)^{-1}E)$ for every Borel set $E\in X$. Our construction uses the generalised Banach limit. We then show that a Liouville-type equation holds for the evolution of $\mu_t$ under the process $U(\cdot,\cdot)$ generated by the ordinary differential equation $u_t=F(t,u)$ on a Banach space, and apply our theory to the non-autonomous 2D Navier--Stokes equations on unbounded domains satisfying a Poincaré inequality.
Citation: Grzegorz Łukaszewicz, James C. Robinson. Invariant measures for non-autonomous dissipative dynamical systems. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2014, 34 (10) : 4211-4222. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2014.34.4211
References:

show all references

References:
 [1] Xinyu Mei, Yangmin Xiong, Chunyou Sun. Pullback attractor for a weakly damped wave equation with sup-cubic nonlinearity. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2021, 41 (2) : 569-600. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020270 [2] Fabio Camilli, Giulia Cavagnari, Raul De Maio, Benedetto Piccoli. Superposition principle and schemes for measure differential equations. Kinetic & Related Models, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/krm.2020050 [3] Jianhua Huang, Yanbin Tang, Ming Wang. Singular support of the global attractor for a damped BBM equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020345 [4] Harrison Bray. Ergodicity of Bowen–Margulis measure for the Benoist 3-manifolds. Journal of Modern Dynamics, 2020, 16: 305-329. doi: 10.3934/jmd.2020011 [5] Mark F. Demers. Uniqueness and exponential mixing for the measure of maximal entropy for piecewise hyperbolic maps. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2021, 41 (1) : 217-256. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020217 [6] Giulia Luise, Giuseppe Savaré. Contraction and regularizing properties of heat flows in metric measure spaces. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2021, 14 (1) : 273-297. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020327 [7] Awais Younus, Zoubia Dastgeer, Nudrat Ishaq, Abdul Ghaffar, Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar, Devendra Kumar. On the observability of conformable linear time-invariant control systems. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020444 [8] Russell Ricks. The unique measure of maximal entropy for a compact rank one locally CAT(0) space. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2021, 41 (2) : 507-523. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020266 [9] Teresa D'Aprile. Bubbling solutions for the Liouville equation around a quantized singularity in symmetric domains. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2021, 20 (1) : 159-191. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020262 [10] Xin-Guang Yang, Lu Li, Xingjie Yan, Ling Ding. The structure and stability of pullback attractors for 3D Brinkman-Forchheimer equation with delay. Electronic Research Archive, 2020, 28 (4) : 1395-1418. doi: 10.3934/era.2020074 [11] Alessandro Carbotti, Giovanni E. Comi. A note on Riemann-Liouville fractional Sobolev spaces. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2021, 20 (1) : 17-54. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020255 [12] Sumit Arora, Manil T. Mohan, Jaydev Dabas. Approximate controllability of a Sobolev type impulsive functional evolution system in Banach spaces. Mathematical Control & Related Fields, 2020  doi: 10.3934/mcrf.2020049 [13] Fanni M. Sélley. A self-consistent dynamical system with multiple absolutely continuous invariant measures. Journal of Computational Dynamics, 2021, 8 (1) : 9-32. doi: 10.3934/jcd.2021002 [14] Soniya Singh, Sumit Arora, Manil T. Mohan, Jaydev Dabas. Approximate controllability of second order impulsive systems with state-dependent delay in Banach spaces. Evolution Equations & Control Theory, 2020  doi: 10.3934/eect.2020103 [15] Sören Bartels, Jakob Keck. Adaptive time stepping in elastoplasticity. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2021, 14 (1) : 71-88. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020323 [16] Emre Esentürk, Juan Velazquez. Large time behavior of exchange-driven growth. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2021, 41 (2) : 747-775. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020299 [17] Marc Homs-Dones. A generalization of the Babbage functional equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2021, 41 (2) : 899-919. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020303 [18] Lars Grüne, Matthias A. Müller, Christopher M. Kellett, Steven R. Weller. Strict dissipativity for discrete time discounted optimal control problems. Mathematical Control & Related Fields, 2020  doi: 10.3934/mcrf.2020046 [19] Serena Dipierro, Benedetta Pellacci, Enrico Valdinoci, Gianmaria Verzini. Time-fractional equations with reaction terms: Fundamental solutions and asymptotics. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2021, 41 (1) : 257-275. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020137 [20] Guido Cavallaro, Roberto Garra, Carlo Marchioro. Long time localization of modified surface quasi-geostrophic equations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020336

2019 Impact Factor: 1.338