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ADI splitting schemes for a fourth-order nonlinear partial differential equation from image processing

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  • We present directional operator splitting schemes for the numerical solution of a fourth-order, nonlinear partial differential evolution equation which arises in image processing. This equation constitutes the $H^{-1}$-gradient flow of the total variation and represents a prototype of higher-order equations of similar type which are popular in imaging for denoising, deblurring and inpainting problems. The efficient numerical solution of this equation is very challenging due to the stiffness of most numerical schemes. We show that the combination of directional splitting schemes with implicit time-stepping provides a stable and computationally cheap numerical realisation of the equation.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: 35K25, 35K55, 35G20, 65M06, 65M12.


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