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Stability of singular limit cycles for Abel equations

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  • We obtain a criterion for determining the stability of singular limit cycles of Abel equations $x'=A(t)x^3+B(t)x^2$. This stability controls the possible saddle-node bifurcations of limit cycles. Therefore, studying the Hopf-like bifurcations at $x=0$, together with the bifurcations at infinity of a suitable compactification of the equations, we obtain upper bounds of their number of limit cycles. As an illustration of this approach, we prove that the family $x'=a t(t-t_A)x^3+b (t-t_B)x^2$, with $a ,b>0$, has at most two positive limit cycles for any $t_B,t_A$.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 34C25; Secondary: 34A34, 37C27, 37G15.


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