February  2016, 36(2): 953-969. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016.36.953

Qualitative analysis for a Lotka-Volterra competition system in advective homogeneous environment

1. 

Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Renmin University of China, Haidian District, Beijing, 100872

2. 

Department of Mathematics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240

3. 

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1C 5S7, Canada

Received  July 2014 Published  August 2015

We study a two-species Lotka-Volterra competition model in an advective homogeneous environment. It is assumed that two species have the same population dynamics and diffusion rates but different advection rates. We show that if one competitor disperses by random diffusion only and the other assumes both random and directed movements, then the one without advection prevails. If two competitors are drifting along the same direction but with different advection rates, then the one with the smaller advection rate wins. Finally we prove that if the two competitors are drifting along the opposite direction, then two species will coexist. These results imply that the movement without advection in homogeneous environment is evolutionarily stable, as advection tends to move more individuals to the boundary of the habitat and thus cause the distribution of species mismatch with the resources which are evenly distributed in space.
Citation: Yuan Lou, Dongmei Xiao, Peng Zhou. Qualitative analysis for a Lotka-Volterra competition system in advective homogeneous environment. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2016, 36 (2) : 953-969. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016.36.953
References:
[1]

R. S. Cantrell and C. Cosner, Spatial Ecology via Reaction-Diffusion Equations,, Wiley Ser. Math. Comput Biol., (2003). doi: 10.1002/0470871296.

[2]

R. S. Cantrell, C. Cosner and Y. Lou, Movement toward better environments and the evolution of rapid diffusion,, Math. Biosci., 204 (2006), 199. doi: 10.1016/j.mbs.2006.09.003.

[3]

R. S. Cantrell, C. Cosner and Y. Lou, Advection-mediated coexistence of competing species,, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A, 137 (2007), 497. doi: 10.1017/S0308210506000047.

[4]

X. F. Chen, R. Hambrock and Y. Lou, Evolution of conditional dispersal: A reaction-diffusion-advection model,, J. Math. Biol., 57 (2008), 361. doi: 10.1007/s00285-008-0166-2.

[5]

X. F. Chen, K.-Y. Lam and Y. Lou, Dynamics of a reaction-diffusion-advection model for two competing species,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. A, 32 (2012), 3841. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2012.32.3841.

[6]

X. F. Chen and Y. Lou, Principal eigenvalue and eigenfunctions of an elliptic operator with large advection and its application to a competition model,, Indiana Univ. Math. J., 57 (2008), 627. doi: 10.1512/iumj.2008.57.3204.

[7]

C. Cosner, Reaction-diffusion-advection models for the effects and evolution of dispersal,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. A, 34 (2014), 1701. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2014.34.1701.

[8]

K. A. Dahmen, D. R. Nelson and N. M. Shnerb, Life and death near a windy oasis,, J. Math. Biol., 41 (2000), 1. doi: 10.1007/s002850000025.

[9]

M. M. Desai and D. R. Nelson, A quasispecies on a moving oasis,, Theor. Pop. Biol., 67 (2005), 33. doi: 10.1016/j.tpb.2004.07.005.

[10]

J. Dockery, V. Hutson, K. Mischaikow and M. Pernarowski, The evolution of slow dispersal rates: A reaction-diffusion model,, J. Math. Biol., 37 (1998), 61. doi: 10.1007/s002850050120.

[11]

A. Hastings, Can spatial variation alone lead to selection for dispersal?,, Theor. Pop. Biol., 24 (1983), 244. doi: 10.1016/0040-5809(83)90027-8.

[12]

M. G. Krein and M. A. Rutman, Linear operators leaving invariant a cone in a Banach space,, Uspekhi Mat. Nauk (N. S.), 3 (1948), 3.

[13]

K.-Y. Lam, Concentration phenomena of a semilinear elliptic equation with large advection in an ecological model,, J. Differential Equations, 250 (2011), 161. doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2010.08.028.

[14]

K.-Y. Lam, Limiting profiles of semilinear elliptic equations with large advection in population dynamics II,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 44 (2012), 1808. doi: 10.1137/100819758.

[15]

K.-Y. Lam and W.-M. Ni, Limiting profiles of semilinear elliptic equations with large advection in population dynamics,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. A, 28 (2010), 1051. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2010.28.1051.

[16]

Y. Lou and P. Zhou, Evolution of dispersal in advective homogeneous environment: The effect of boundary conditions,, J. Differential Equations, 159 (2015), 141. doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2015.02.004.

[17]

F. Lutscher, M. A. Lewis and E. McCauley, Effects of heterogeneity on spread and persistence in rivers,, Bull. Math. Biol., 68 (2006), 2129. doi: 10.1007/s11538-006-9100-1.

[18]

F. Lutscher, E. Pachepsky and M. A. Lewis, The effect of dispersal patterns on stream populations,, SIAM Rev., 47 (2005), 749. doi: 10.1137/050636152.

[19]

W.-M. Ni, The Mathematics of Diffusion,, CBMS Reg. Conf. Ser. Appl. Math., 82 (2011). doi: 10.1137/1.9781611971972.

[20]

A. Potapov, U. E. Schlägel and M. A. Lewis, Evolutionarily stable diffusive dispersal,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Series B, 19 (2014), 3319. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2014.19.3319.

[21]

H. Smith, Monotone Dynamical System. An Introduction to the Theory of Competitive and Cooperative Systems,, Math. Surveys Monogr., 41 (1995).

[22]

D. C. Speirs and W. S. C. Gurney, Population persistence in rivers and estuaries,, Ecology, 82 (2001), 1219.

[23]

O. Vasilyeva and F. Lutscher, Population dynamics in rivers: Analysis of steady states,, Can. Appl. Math. Quart., 18 (2010), 439.

show all references

References:
[1]

R. S. Cantrell and C. Cosner, Spatial Ecology via Reaction-Diffusion Equations,, Wiley Ser. Math. Comput Biol., (2003). doi: 10.1002/0470871296.

[2]

R. S. Cantrell, C. Cosner and Y. Lou, Movement toward better environments and the evolution of rapid diffusion,, Math. Biosci., 204 (2006), 199. doi: 10.1016/j.mbs.2006.09.003.

[3]

R. S. Cantrell, C. Cosner and Y. Lou, Advection-mediated coexistence of competing species,, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A, 137 (2007), 497. doi: 10.1017/S0308210506000047.

[4]

X. F. Chen, R. Hambrock and Y. Lou, Evolution of conditional dispersal: A reaction-diffusion-advection model,, J. Math. Biol., 57 (2008), 361. doi: 10.1007/s00285-008-0166-2.

[5]

X. F. Chen, K.-Y. Lam and Y. Lou, Dynamics of a reaction-diffusion-advection model for two competing species,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. A, 32 (2012), 3841. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2012.32.3841.

[6]

X. F. Chen and Y. Lou, Principal eigenvalue and eigenfunctions of an elliptic operator with large advection and its application to a competition model,, Indiana Univ. Math. J., 57 (2008), 627. doi: 10.1512/iumj.2008.57.3204.

[7]

C. Cosner, Reaction-diffusion-advection models for the effects and evolution of dispersal,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. A, 34 (2014), 1701. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2014.34.1701.

[8]

K. A. Dahmen, D. R. Nelson and N. M. Shnerb, Life and death near a windy oasis,, J. Math. Biol., 41 (2000), 1. doi: 10.1007/s002850000025.

[9]

M. M. Desai and D. R. Nelson, A quasispecies on a moving oasis,, Theor. Pop. Biol., 67 (2005), 33. doi: 10.1016/j.tpb.2004.07.005.

[10]

J. Dockery, V. Hutson, K. Mischaikow and M. Pernarowski, The evolution of slow dispersal rates: A reaction-diffusion model,, J. Math. Biol., 37 (1998), 61. doi: 10.1007/s002850050120.

[11]

A. Hastings, Can spatial variation alone lead to selection for dispersal?,, Theor. Pop. Biol., 24 (1983), 244. doi: 10.1016/0040-5809(83)90027-8.

[12]

M. G. Krein and M. A. Rutman, Linear operators leaving invariant a cone in a Banach space,, Uspekhi Mat. Nauk (N. S.), 3 (1948), 3.

[13]

K.-Y. Lam, Concentration phenomena of a semilinear elliptic equation with large advection in an ecological model,, J. Differential Equations, 250 (2011), 161. doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2010.08.028.

[14]

K.-Y. Lam, Limiting profiles of semilinear elliptic equations with large advection in population dynamics II,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 44 (2012), 1808. doi: 10.1137/100819758.

[15]

K.-Y. Lam and W.-M. Ni, Limiting profiles of semilinear elliptic equations with large advection in population dynamics,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. A, 28 (2010), 1051. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2010.28.1051.

[16]

Y. Lou and P. Zhou, Evolution of dispersal in advective homogeneous environment: The effect of boundary conditions,, J. Differential Equations, 159 (2015), 141. doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2015.02.004.

[17]

F. Lutscher, M. A. Lewis and E. McCauley, Effects of heterogeneity on spread and persistence in rivers,, Bull. Math. Biol., 68 (2006), 2129. doi: 10.1007/s11538-006-9100-1.

[18]

F. Lutscher, E. Pachepsky and M. A. Lewis, The effect of dispersal patterns on stream populations,, SIAM Rev., 47 (2005), 749. doi: 10.1137/050636152.

[19]

W.-M. Ni, The Mathematics of Diffusion,, CBMS Reg. Conf. Ser. Appl. Math., 82 (2011). doi: 10.1137/1.9781611971972.

[20]

A. Potapov, U. E. Schlägel and M. A. Lewis, Evolutionarily stable diffusive dispersal,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Series B, 19 (2014), 3319. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2014.19.3319.

[21]

H. Smith, Monotone Dynamical System. An Introduction to the Theory of Competitive and Cooperative Systems,, Math. Surveys Monogr., 41 (1995).

[22]

D. C. Speirs and W. S. C. Gurney, Population persistence in rivers and estuaries,, Ecology, 82 (2001), 1219.

[23]

O. Vasilyeva and F. Lutscher, Population dynamics in rivers: Analysis of steady states,, Can. Appl. Math. Quart., 18 (2010), 439.

[1]

De Tang. Dynamical behavior for a Lotka-Volterra weak competition system in advective homogeneous environment. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2017, 22 (11) : 1-16. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2019037

[2]

Qi Wang, Yang Song, Lingjie Shao. Boundedness and persistence of populations in advective Lotka-Volterra competition system. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2018, 23 (6) : 2245-2263. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018195

[3]

Qi Wang, Chunyi Gai, Jingda Yan. Qualitative analysis of a Lotka-Volterra competition system with advection. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2015, 35 (3) : 1239-1284. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2015.35.1239

[4]

Zhi-Cheng Wang, Hui-Ling Niu, Shigui Ruan. On the existence of axisymmetric traveling fronts in Lotka-Volterra competition-diffusion systems in ℝ3. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2017, 22 (3) : 1111-1144. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2017055

[5]

Jong-Shenq Guo, Ying-Chih Lin. The sign of the wave speed for the Lotka-Volterra competition-diffusion system. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2013, 12 (5) : 2083-2090. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2013.12.2083

[6]

Danhua Jiang, Zhi-Cheng Wang, Liang Zhang. A reaction-diffusion-advection SIS epidemic model in a spatially-temporally heterogeneous environment. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2018, 23 (10) : 4557-4578. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018176

[7]

Bo Duan, Zhengce Zhang. A two-species weak competition system of reaction-diffusion-advection with double free boundaries. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2019, 24 (2) : 801-829. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018208

[8]

Fang Li, Liping Wang, Yang Wang. On the effects of migration and inter-specific competitions in steady state of some Lotka-Volterra model. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2011, 15 (3) : 669-686. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2011.15.669

[9]

Yukio Kan-On. Bifurcation structures of positive stationary solutions for a Lotka-Volterra competition model with diffusion II: Global structure. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2006, 14 (1) : 135-148. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2006.14.135

[10]

Shuling Yan, Shangjiang Guo. Dynamics of a Lotka-Volterra competition-diffusion model with stage structure and spatial heterogeneity. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2018, 23 (4) : 1559-1579. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018059

[11]

Li-Jun Du, Wan-Tong Li, Jia-Bing Wang. Invasion entire solutions in a time periodic Lotka-Volterra competition system with diffusion. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2017, 14 (5&6) : 1187-1213. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2017061

[12]

Yuan Lou, Salomé Martínez, Wei-Ming Ni. On $3\times 3$ Lotka-Volterra competition systems with cross-diffusion. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2000, 6 (1) : 175-190. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2000.6.175

[13]

Wenzhang Huang. Co-existence of traveling waves for a model of microbial growth and competition in a flow reactor. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2009, 24 (3) : 883-896. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2009.24.883

[14]

Guo-Bao Zhang, Ruyun Ma, Xue-Shi Li. Traveling waves of a Lotka-Volterra strong competition system with nonlocal dispersal. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2018, 23 (2) : 587-608. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018035

[15]

Lih-Ing W. Roeger, Razvan Gelca. Dynamically consistent discrete-time Lotka-Volterra competition models. Conference Publications, 2009, 2009 (Special) : 650-658. doi: 10.3934/proc.2009.2009.650

[16]

Yukio Kan-On. Global bifurcation structure of stationary solutions for a Lotka-Volterra competition model. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2002, 8 (1) : 147-162. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2002.8.147

[17]

Jian Fang, Jianhong Wu. Monotone traveling waves for delayed Lotka-Volterra competition systems. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2012, 32 (9) : 3043-3058. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2012.32.3043

[18]

Chris Cosner. Reaction-diffusion-advection models for the effects and evolution of dispersal. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2014, 34 (5) : 1701-1745. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2014.34.1701

[19]

Xinfu Chen, King-Yeung Lam, Yuan Lou. Corrigendum: Dynamics of a reaction-diffusion-advection model for two competing species. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2014, 34 (11) : 4989-4995. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2014.34.4989

[20]

Xinfu Chen, King-Yeung Lam, Yuan Lou. Dynamics of a reaction-diffusion-advection model for two competing species. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2012, 32 (11) : 3841-3859. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2012.32.3841

2018 Impact Factor: 1.143

Metrics

  • PDF downloads (49)
  • HTML views (0)
  • Cited by (2)

Other articles
by authors

[Back to Top]