# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

December  2016, 36(12): 6669-6688. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016090

## Stability of global equilibrium for the multi-species Boltzmann equation in $L^\infty$ settings

 1 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ. Paris 06/ CNRS, UMR 7598, Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, F-75005, Paris, France

Received  March 2016 Revised  July 2016 Published  October 2016

We prove the stability of global equilibrium in a multi-species mixture, where the different species can have different masses, on the $3$-dimensional torus. We establish stability estimates in $L^\infty_{x,v}(w)$ where $w=w(v)$ is either polynomial or exponential, with explicit threshold. Along the way we extend recent estimates and stability results for the mono-species Boltzmann operator not only to the multi-species case but also to more general hard potential and Maxwellian kernels.
Citation: Marc Briant. Stability of global equilibrium for the multi-species Boltzmann equation in $L^\infty$ settings. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2016, 36 (12) : 6669-6688. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016090
##### References:

show all references

##### References:
 [1] Andrea Bondesan, Laurent Boudin, Marc Briant, Bérénice Grec. Stability of the spectral gap for the Boltzmann multi-species operator linearized around non-equilibrium maxwell distributions. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2020, 19 (5) : 2549-2573. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2020112 [2] Marc Briant. Perturbative theory for the Boltzmann equation in bounded domains with different boundary conditions. Kinetic & Related Models, 2017, 10 (2) : 329-371. doi: 10.3934/krm.2017014 [3] Seung-Yeal Ha, Ho Lee, Seok Bae Yun. Uniform $L^p$-stability theory for the space-inhomogeneous Boltzmann equation with external forces. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2009, 24 (1) : 115-143. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2009.24.115 [4] Leif Arkeryd, Raffaele Esposito, Rossana Marra, Anne Nouri. Exponential stability of the solutions to the Boltzmann equation for the Benard problem. Kinetic & Related Models, 2012, 5 (4) : 673-695. doi: 10.3934/krm.2012.5.673 [5] David M. Chan, Matt McCombs, Sarah Boegner, Hye Jin Ban, Suzanne L. Robertson. Extinction in discrete, competitive, multi-species patch models. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2015, 20 (6) : 1583-1590. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2015.20.1583 [6] Koya Nishimura. Global existence for the Boltzmann equation in $L^r_v L^\infty_t L^\infty_x$ spaces. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2019, 18 (4) : 1769-1782. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2019083 [7] Seung-Yeal Ha, Eunhee Jeong, Robert M. Strain. Uniform $L^1$-stability of the relativistic Boltzmann equation near vacuum. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2013, 12 (2) : 1141-1161. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2013.12.1141 [8] Raffaele Esposito, Yan Guo, Rossana Marra. Stability of a Vlasov-Boltzmann binary mixture at the phase transition on an interval. Kinetic & Related Models, 2013, 6 (4) : 761-787. doi: 10.3934/krm.2013.6.761 [9] Soohyun Bae. Weighted $L^\infty$ stability of positive steady states of a semilinear heat equation in $\R^n$. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2010, 26 (3) : 823-837. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2010.26.823 [10] Heung Wing Joseph Lee, Chi Kin Chan, Karho Yau, Kar Hung Wong, Colin Myburgh. Control parametrization and finite element method for controlling multi-species reactive transport in a circular pool. Journal of Industrial & Management Optimization, 2013, 9 (3) : 505-524. doi: 10.3934/jimo.2013.9.505 [11] Guo Lin, Wan-Tong Li, Mingju Ma. Traveling wave solutions in delayed reaction diffusion systems with applications to multi-species models. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2010, 13 (2) : 393-414. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2010.13.393 [12] Raimund Bürger, Kenneth H. Karlsen, John D. Towers. On some difference schemes and entropy conditions for a class of multi-species kinematic flow models with discontinuous flux. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2010, 5 (3) : 461-485. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2010.5.461 [13] Shaofei Wu, Mingqing Wang, Maozhu Jin, Yuntao Zou, Lijun Song. Uniform $L^1$ stability of the inelastic Boltzmann equation with large external force for hard potentials. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2019, 12 (4&5) : 1005-1013. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2019068 [14] Stefan Meyer, Mathias Wilke. Global well-posedness and exponential stability for Kuznetsov's equation in $L_p$-spaces. Evolution Equations & Control Theory, 2013, 2 (2) : 365-378. doi: 10.3934/eect.2013.2.365 [15] Kevin Zumbrun. L∞ resolvent bounds for steady Boltzmann's Equation. Kinetic & Related Models, 2017, 10 (4) : 1255-1257. doi: 10.3934/krm.2017048 [16] Yong-Kum Cho. On the Boltzmann equation with the symmetric stable Lévy process. Kinetic & Related Models, 2015, 8 (1) : 53-77. doi: 10.3934/krm.2015.8.53 [17] El Miloud Zaoui, Marc Laforest. Stability and modeling error for the Boltzmann equation. Kinetic & Related Models, 2014, 7 (2) : 401-414. doi: 10.3934/krm.2014.7.401 [18] Gilberto M. Kremer, Filipe Oliveira, Ana Jacinta Soares. $\mathcal H$-Theorem and trend to equilibrium of chemically reacting mixtures of gases. Kinetic & Related Models, 2009, 2 (2) : 333-343. doi: 10.3934/krm.2009.2.333 [19] Zeinab Karaki. Trend to the equilibrium for the Fokker-Planck system with an external magnetic field. Kinetic & Related Models, 2020, 13 (2) : 309-344. doi: 10.3934/krm.2020011 [20] Seung-Yeal Ha, Mitsuru Yamazaki. $L^p$-stability estimates for the spatially inhomogeneous discrete velocity Boltzmann model. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2009, 11 (2) : 353-364. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2009.11.353

2018 Impact Factor: 1.143