# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

December  2016, 36(12): 6715-6736. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016092

## Normal forms of planar switching systems

 1 Department of Mathematics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, China, China

Received  November 2014 Revised  August 2016 Published  October 2016

In this paper we study normal forms of planar differential systems with a non-degenerate equilibrium on a single switching line, i.e., the equilibrium is a non-degenerate equilibrium of both the upper system and the lower one. In the sense of $C^0$ conjugation we find all normal forms for linear switching systems and use them together with switching near-identity transformations to normalize second order terms, showing the reduction of normal forms. We prove that only one of those 19 types of linear normal form decides if the system is monodromic. With the monodromic linear normal form, we compute the second order monodromic normal form, which gives a condition under which exactly one limit cycle arises from a Hopf bifurcation.
Citation: Xingwu Chen, Weinian Zhang. Normal forms of planar switching systems. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2016, 36 (12) : 6715-6736. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016092
##### References:

show all references

##### References:
 [1] Xiaoling Zou, Dejun Fan, Ke Wang. Stationary distribution and stochastic Hopf bifurcation for a predator-prey system with noises. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2013, 18 (5) : 1507-1519. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2013.18.1507 [2] Larry M. Bates, Francesco Fassò. No monodromy in the champagne bottle, or singularities of a superintegrable system. Journal of Geometric Mechanics, 2016, 8 (4) : 375-389. doi: 10.3934/jgm.2016012 [3] Ryan T. Botts, Ale Jan Homburg, Todd R. Young. The Hopf bifurcation with bounded noise. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2012, 32 (8) : 2997-3007. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2012.32.2997 [4] Matteo Franca, Russell Johnson, Victor Muñoz-Villarragut. On the nonautonomous Hopf bifurcation problem. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2016, 9 (4) : 1119-1148. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016045 [5] John Guckenheimer, Hinke M. Osinga. The singular limit of a Hopf bifurcation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2012, 32 (8) : 2805-2823. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2012.32.2805 [6] Vivi Rottschäfer. Multi-bump patterns by a normal form approach. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2001, 1 (3) : 363-386. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2001.1.363 [7] Todor Mitev, Georgi Popov. Gevrey normal form and effective stability of Lagrangian tori. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2010, 3 (4) : 643-666. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2010.3.643 [8] Dario Bambusi, A. Carati, A. Ponno. The nonlinear Schrödinger equation as a resonant normal form. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2002, 2 (1) : 109-128. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2002.2.109 [9] Xiaoyuan Chang, Junjie Wei. Stability and Hopf bifurcation in a diffusive predator-prey system incorporating a prey refuge. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2013, 10 (4) : 979-996. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2013.10.979 [10] Qi An, Weihua Jiang. Spatiotemporal attractors generated by the Turing-Hopf bifurcation in a time-delayed reaction-diffusion system. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2019, 24 (2) : 487-510. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018183 [11] Hongyong Zhao, Daiyong Wu. Point to point traveling wave and periodic traveling wave induced by Hopf bifurcation for a diffusive predator-prey system. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2020, 13 (11) : 3271-3284. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2020129 [12] Zuolin Shen, Junjie Wei. Hopf bifurcation analysis in a diffusive predator-prey system with delay and surplus killing effect. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2018, 15 (3) : 693-715. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2018031 [13] Kerioui Nadjah, Abdelouahab Mohammed Salah. Stability and Hopf bifurcation of the coexistence equilibrium for a differential-algebraic biological economic system with predator harvesting. Electronic Research Archive, , () : -. doi: 10.3934/era.2020084 [14] Hooton Edward, Balanov Zalman, Krawcewicz Wieslaw, Rachinskii Dmitrii. Sliding Hopf bifurcation in interval systems. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2017, 37 (7) : 3545-3566. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2017152 [15] Qigang Yuan, Jingli Ren. Periodic forcing on degenerate Hopf bifurcation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2020  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2020208 [16] Virginie De Witte, Willy Govaerts. Numerical computation of normal form coefficients of bifurcations of odes in MATLAB. Conference Publications, 2011, 2011 (Special) : 362-372. doi: 10.3934/proc.2011.2011.362 [17] Letizia Stefanelli, Ugo Locatelli. Kolmogorov's normal form for equations of motion with dissipative effects. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2012, 17 (7) : 2561-2593. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2012.17.2561 [18] John Burke, Edgar Knobloch. Normal form for spatial dynamics in the Swift-Hohenberg equation. Conference Publications, 2007, 2007 (Special) : 170-180. doi: 10.3934/proc.2007.2007.170 [19] Dmitriy Yu. Volkov. The Hopf -- Hopf bifurcation with 2:1 resonance: Periodic solutions and invariant tori. Conference Publications, 2015, 2015 (special) : 1098-1104. doi: 10.3934/proc.2015.1098 [20] Fernando Antoneli, Ana Paula S. Dias, Rui Paiva. Coupled cell networks: Hopf bifurcation and interior symmetry. Conference Publications, 2011, 2011 (Special) : 71-78. doi: 10.3934/proc.2011.2011.71

2019 Impact Factor: 1.338