May  2017, 37(5): 2829-2859. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2017122

Global solutions to the Chemotaxis-Navier-Stokes equations with some large initial data

1. 

Department of Mathematics, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, China

2. 

Faculty of Information Technology, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau

Received  January 2016 Revised  December 2016 Published  February 2017

In this paper, we mainly study the Cauchy problem of the Chemo-taxis-Navier-Stokes equations with initial data in critical Besov spaces. We first get the local wellposedness of the system in $\mathbb{R}^d \, (d≥2)$ by the Picard theorem, and then extend the local solutions to be global under the only smallness assumptions on $\|u_0^h\|_{\dot{B}_{p, 1}^{-1+\frac{d}{p}}}$, $\|n_0\|_{\dot{B}_{q, 1}^{-2+\frac{d}{q}}}$ and $\|c_0\|_{\dot{B}_{r, 1}^{\frac{d}{r}}}$. This obtained result implies the global wellposedness of the equations with large initial vertical velocity component. Moreover, by fully using the global wellposedness of the classical 2D Navier-Stokes equations and the weighted Chemin-Lerner space, we can also extend the obtained local solutions to be global in $\mathbb{R}^2$ provided the initial cell density $n_0$ and the initial chemical concentration $c_0$ are doubly exponential small compared with the initial velocity field $u_0$.

Citation: Xiaoping Zhai, Zhaoyang Yin. Global solutions to the Chemotaxis-Navier-Stokes equations with some large initial data. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, 2017, 37 (5) : 2829-2859. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2017122
References:
[1]

H. Bahouri, J. Y. Chemin and R. Danchin, Fourier Analysis and Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations Grundlehren Math. Wiss. , 343 Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-16830-7.

[2]

J. M. Bony, Calcul symbolique et propagation des singularités pour les équations aux dérivées partielles non linéaires, Ann. Sci. École Norm. Sup., 14 (1981), 209-246. 

[3]

P. Biler and G. Karch, Blow-up of solutions to generalized Keller-Segel model, J. Evol. Equ., 10 (2010), 247-262.  doi: 10.1007/s00028-009-0048-0.

[4]

A. BlanchetJ. Dolbeault and B. Perthame, Two-dimensional Keller-Segel model: Optimal critical mass and qualitative properties of the solutions, Electron. J. Differential Equations, 44 (2006), 1-32. 

[5]

V. Calvez and L. Corrias, The parabolic-parabolic Keller-Segel model in $\mathbb{R}^2$, Commun. Math. Sci., 6 (2008), 417-447.  doi: 10.4310/CMS.2008.v6.n2.a8.

[6]

M. ChaeK. Kang and J. Lee, Existence of smooth solutions to coupled chemotaxis-fluid equations, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst., 33 (2013), 2271-2297.  doi: 10.3934/dcds.2013.33.2271.

[7]

R. Danchin, Local theory in critical spaces for compressible viscous and heat-conducting gases, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 26 (2001), 1183-1233. 

[8]

R. J. DuanA. Lorz and P. A. Markowich, Global solutions to the coupled chemotaxis-fluid equations, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 35 (2010), 1635-1673.  doi: 10.1080/03605302.2010.497199.

[9]

M. Di FrancescoA. Lorz and P. A. Markowich, Chemotaxis-fluid coupled model for swimming bacteria with nonlinear diffusion: Global existence and asymptotic behavior, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst., 28 (2010), 1437-1453. 

[10]

D. Horstmann and M. Winkler, Boundedness vs. blow-up in a chemotaxis system, J. Differential Equations, 215 (2005), 52-107.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2004.10.022.

[11]

J. HuangM. Paicu and P. Zhang, Global solutions to 2-D inhomogeneous Navier-Stokes system with general velocity, J. Math. Pures Appl., 100 (2013), 806-831.  doi: 10.1016/j.matpur.2013.03.003.

[12]

E. F. Keller and L. A. Segel, Initiation of slime mold aggregation viewed as an instability, J. Theoret. Biol., 26 (1970), 399-415.  doi: 10.1016/0022-5193(70)90092-5.

[13]

J. G. Liu and A. Lorz, A coupled chemotaxis-fluid model: Global existence, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 28 (2011), 643-652.  doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2011.04.005.

[14]

A. Lorz, Coupled chemotaxis fluid model, Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci., 20 (2010), 987-1004.  doi: 10.1142/S0218202510004507.

[15]

A. J. Majda and A. L. Bertozzi, Vorticity and Incompressible Flow, Cambridge Texts in Applied Mathematics 27, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511613203.

[16]

M. Paicu and P. Zhang, Global solutions to the 3-D incompressible anisotropic Navier-Stokes system in the critical spaces, Comm. Math. Phys., 307 (2011), 713-759.  doi: 10.1007/s00220-011-1350-6.

[17]

M. Paicu and P. Zhang, Global solutions to the 3-D incompressible inhomogeneous Navier-Stokes system, J. Funct. Anal., 262 (2012), 3556-3584.  doi: 10.1016/j.jfa.2012.01.022.

[18]

Y. Tao and M. Winkler, Global existence and boundedness in a Keller-Segel-Stokes model with arbitrary porous medium diffusion, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst., 32 (2012), 1901-1914. 

[19]

Y. Tao and M. Winkler, Locally bounded global solutions in a three-dimensional chemotaxis-Stokes system with nonlinear diffusion, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 30 (2013), 157-178.  doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2012.07.002.

[20]

Y. Tao and M. Winkler, Boundedness in a quasilinear parabolic-parabolic Keller-Segel system with subcritical sensitivity, J. Differential Equations, 252 (2012), 692-715.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2011.08.019.

[21]

Y. Tao and M. Winkler, A chemotaxis-haptotaxis model: The roles of nonlinear diffusion and logistic source, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 43 (2011), 685-704.  doi: 10.1137/100802943.

[22]

I. TuvalL. CisnerosC. DombrowskiC. W. WolgemuthJ. O. Kessler and R. E. Goldstein, Bacterial swimming and oxygen transport near constant lines, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 102 (2005), 2277-2282. 

[23]

M. Winkler, Global large-data solutions in a chemotaxis-Navier-Stokes system modeling cellular swimming in fluid drops, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 37 (2012), 319-351.  doi: 10.1080/03605302.2011.591865.

[24]

M. Winkler, Does a "volume-filling effect" always prevent chemotactic collapse?, Math. Methods Appl. Sci., 33 (2010), 12-24.  doi: 10.1002/mma.1146.

[25]

M. Winkler, Aggregation vs. global diffusive behavior in the higher-dimensional Keller-Segel model, J. Differential Equations, 248 (2010), 2889-2905.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2010.02.008.

[26]

M. Winkler, Boundedness in the higher-dimensional parabolic-parabolic chemotaxis system with logistic source, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 35 (2010), 1516-1537.  doi: 10.1080/03605300903473426.

[27]

C. Zhai and T. Zhang, Global well-posedness to the 3-D incompressible inhomogeneous Navier-Stokes equations with a class of large velocity, J. Math. Phys. , 56 (2015), 091512. doi: 10.1063/1.4931467.

show all references

References:
[1]

H. Bahouri, J. Y. Chemin and R. Danchin, Fourier Analysis and Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations Grundlehren Math. Wiss. , 343 Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-16830-7.

[2]

J. M. Bony, Calcul symbolique et propagation des singularités pour les équations aux dérivées partielles non linéaires, Ann. Sci. École Norm. Sup., 14 (1981), 209-246. 

[3]

P. Biler and G. Karch, Blow-up of solutions to generalized Keller-Segel model, J. Evol. Equ., 10 (2010), 247-262.  doi: 10.1007/s00028-009-0048-0.

[4]

A. BlanchetJ. Dolbeault and B. Perthame, Two-dimensional Keller-Segel model: Optimal critical mass and qualitative properties of the solutions, Electron. J. Differential Equations, 44 (2006), 1-32. 

[5]

V. Calvez and L. Corrias, The parabolic-parabolic Keller-Segel model in $\mathbb{R}^2$, Commun. Math. Sci., 6 (2008), 417-447.  doi: 10.4310/CMS.2008.v6.n2.a8.

[6]

M. ChaeK. Kang and J. Lee, Existence of smooth solutions to coupled chemotaxis-fluid equations, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst., 33 (2013), 2271-2297.  doi: 10.3934/dcds.2013.33.2271.

[7]

R. Danchin, Local theory in critical spaces for compressible viscous and heat-conducting gases, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 26 (2001), 1183-1233. 

[8]

R. J. DuanA. Lorz and P. A. Markowich, Global solutions to the coupled chemotaxis-fluid equations, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 35 (2010), 1635-1673.  doi: 10.1080/03605302.2010.497199.

[9]

M. Di FrancescoA. Lorz and P. A. Markowich, Chemotaxis-fluid coupled model for swimming bacteria with nonlinear diffusion: Global existence and asymptotic behavior, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst., 28 (2010), 1437-1453. 

[10]

D. Horstmann and M. Winkler, Boundedness vs. blow-up in a chemotaxis system, J. Differential Equations, 215 (2005), 52-107.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2004.10.022.

[11]

J. HuangM. Paicu and P. Zhang, Global solutions to 2-D inhomogeneous Navier-Stokes system with general velocity, J. Math. Pures Appl., 100 (2013), 806-831.  doi: 10.1016/j.matpur.2013.03.003.

[12]

E. F. Keller and L. A. Segel, Initiation of slime mold aggregation viewed as an instability, J. Theoret. Biol., 26 (1970), 399-415.  doi: 10.1016/0022-5193(70)90092-5.

[13]

J. G. Liu and A. Lorz, A coupled chemotaxis-fluid model: Global existence, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 28 (2011), 643-652.  doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2011.04.005.

[14]

A. Lorz, Coupled chemotaxis fluid model, Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci., 20 (2010), 987-1004.  doi: 10.1142/S0218202510004507.

[15]

A. J. Majda and A. L. Bertozzi, Vorticity and Incompressible Flow, Cambridge Texts in Applied Mathematics 27, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511613203.

[16]

M. Paicu and P. Zhang, Global solutions to the 3-D incompressible anisotropic Navier-Stokes system in the critical spaces, Comm. Math. Phys., 307 (2011), 713-759.  doi: 10.1007/s00220-011-1350-6.

[17]

M. Paicu and P. Zhang, Global solutions to the 3-D incompressible inhomogeneous Navier-Stokes system, J. Funct. Anal., 262 (2012), 3556-3584.  doi: 10.1016/j.jfa.2012.01.022.

[18]

Y. Tao and M. Winkler, Global existence and boundedness in a Keller-Segel-Stokes model with arbitrary porous medium diffusion, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst., 32 (2012), 1901-1914. 

[19]

Y. Tao and M. Winkler, Locally bounded global solutions in a three-dimensional chemotaxis-Stokes system with nonlinear diffusion, Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire, 30 (2013), 157-178.  doi: 10.1016/j.anihpc.2012.07.002.

[20]

Y. Tao and M. Winkler, Boundedness in a quasilinear parabolic-parabolic Keller-Segel system with subcritical sensitivity, J. Differential Equations, 252 (2012), 692-715.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2011.08.019.

[21]

Y. Tao and M. Winkler, A chemotaxis-haptotaxis model: The roles of nonlinear diffusion and logistic source, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 43 (2011), 685-704.  doi: 10.1137/100802943.

[22]

I. TuvalL. CisnerosC. DombrowskiC. W. WolgemuthJ. O. Kessler and R. E. Goldstein, Bacterial swimming and oxygen transport near constant lines, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 102 (2005), 2277-2282. 

[23]

M. Winkler, Global large-data solutions in a chemotaxis-Navier-Stokes system modeling cellular swimming in fluid drops, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 37 (2012), 319-351.  doi: 10.1080/03605302.2011.591865.

[24]

M. Winkler, Does a "volume-filling effect" always prevent chemotactic collapse?, Math. Methods Appl. Sci., 33 (2010), 12-24.  doi: 10.1002/mma.1146.

[25]

M. Winkler, Aggregation vs. global diffusive behavior in the higher-dimensional Keller-Segel model, J. Differential Equations, 248 (2010), 2889-2905.  doi: 10.1016/j.jde.2010.02.008.

[26]

M. Winkler, Boundedness in the higher-dimensional parabolic-parabolic chemotaxis system with logistic source, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 35 (2010), 1516-1537.  doi: 10.1080/03605300903473426.

[27]

C. Zhai and T. Zhang, Global well-posedness to the 3-D incompressible inhomogeneous Navier-Stokes equations with a class of large velocity, J. Math. Phys. , 56 (2015), 091512. doi: 10.1063/1.4931467.

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