# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020313

## Periodic solutions and Hyers-Ulam stability of atmospheric Ekman flows

 1 Department of Mathematics, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China 2 College of Mathematics and Information Science, Guiyang University, Guiyang 550005, China 3 Department of Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University in Bratislava, Mlynská dolina, 842 48 Bratislava, Slovakia 4 Mathematical Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Štefánikova 49,814 73 Bratislava, Slovakia 5 School of Mathematical Sciences, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China

* Corresponding author: Jinrong Wang

Received  May 2020 Revised  July 2020 Published  August 2020

Fund Project: This work is partially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11661016), Training Object of High Level and Innovative Talents of Guizhou Province ((2016)4006), Major Research Project of Innovative Group in Guizhou Education Department ([2018]012), Guizhou Data Driven Modeling Learning and Optimization Innovation Team ([2020]5016), the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. APVV-18-0308, and the Slovak Grant Agency VEGA (grant Nos. 1/0358/20 and 2/0127/20)

In this paper, we study the classical problem of the wind in the steady atmospheric Ekman layer with constant eddy viscosity. Different from the well-known homogeneous system in [14,20], we retain the turbulent fluxes and establish a new nonhomogeneous system of first order differential equations involving a term with the horizontal dependent. We present the existence and uniqueness of periodic solutions and show the Hyers-Ulam stability results for the nonhomogeneous systems under the mild conditions via the matrix theory. Further, we consider the nonhomogeneous systems with varying eddy viscosity coefficient and study systems with piecewise constants, systems with small oscillations, systems with rapidly varying coefficients and systems with slowly varying coefficients and give more continued results.

Citation: Yi Guan, Michal Fečkan, Jinrong Wang. Periodic solutions and Hyers-Ulam stability of atmospheric Ekman flows. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, doi: 10.3934/dcds.2020313
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