# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

February  2001, 1(1): 1-28. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2001.1.1

## A spectral formulation of the Nekhoroshev theorem and its relevance for numerical and experimental data analysis

 1 CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur at Nice, Italy 2 Dipartimento di Matematica Pura e Applicata dell'Università di Padova, Gruppo Nazionale di Fisica Matematica and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia, Via G. Belzoni 7, 35131 Padova, Italy

Revised  November 2000 Published  January 2001

In this paper we provide an analytical characterization of the Fourier spectrum of the solutions of quasi-integrable Hamiltonian systems, which completes the Nekhoroshev theorem and looks particularly suitable to describe resonant motions. We also discuss the application of the result to the analysis of numerical and experimental data. The comparison of the rigorous theoretical estimates with numerical results shows a quite good agreement. It turns out that an observation of the spectrum for a relatively short time scale (of order $1/\sqrt{\varepsilon}$, where $\varepsilon$ is a natural perturbative parameter) can provide information on the behavior of the system for the much larger Nekhoroshev times.
Citation: Massimiliano Guzzo, Giancarlo Benettin. A spectral formulation of the Nekhoroshev theorem and its relevance for numerical and experimental data analysis. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2001, 1 (1) : 1-28. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2001.1.1
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