August  2004, 4(3): 575-587. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.575

The dynamics of public goods


Departments of Zoology and Mathematics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada V6T 1Z4, Canada


Department of Mathematics, University of Vienna, Strudlhofgasse 4, A-1090 Vienna, Austria, Austria

Received  December 2002 Revised  October 2003 Published  May 2004

We analyze the replicator equation for two games closely related with the social dilemma occurring in public goods situations. In one case, players can punish defectors in their group. In the other case, they can choose not to take part in the game. In both cases, interactions are not pairwise and payoffs non-linear. Nevertheless, the qualitative dynamics can be fully analyzed. The games offer potential solutions for the problem of the emergence of cooperation in sizeable groups of non-related individuals -- a basic question in evolutionary biology and economics.
Citation: Christoph Hauert, Nina Haiden, Karl Sigmund. The dynamics of public goods. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2004, 4 (3) : 575-587. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.575

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