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Multiresolution analysis for 2D turbulence. Part 1: Wavelets vs cosine packets, a comparative study

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  • The widely accepted theory of two-dimensional turbulence predicts a direct downscale enstrophy cascade with an energy spectrum behaving like $k^{-3}$ and an inverse upscale energy cascade with a $k^{-5/3}$ decay. Nevertheless, this theory is in fact an idealization valid only in an infinite domain in the limit of infinite Reynolds numbers, and is almost impossible to reproduce numerically. A more complete theoretical framework for the two-dimensional turbulence has been recently proposed by Tung et al . This theory seems to be more consistent with experimental observations, and numerical simulations than the classical one developed by Kraichnan, Leith and Batchelor.
    Multiresolution methods like the wavelet packets or the cosine packets, well known in signal decomposition, can be used for the 2D turbulence analysis. Wavelet or cosine decompositions are more and more used in physical applications and in particular in fluid mechanics. Following the works of M. Farge et al , we present a numerical and qualitative study of a two-dimensional turbulence fluid using these methods. The decompositions allow to separate the fluid in two parts which are analyzed and the corresponding energy spectra are computed. In the first part of this paper, the methods are presented and the numerical results are briefly compared to the theoretical spectra predicted by the both theories. A more detailed study, using only wavelet packets decompositions and based on numerical and experimental data, will be carried out and the results will be reported in the second part of the paper. A tentative of physical interpretation of the different components of the flow will be also proposed.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: 65T60, 76F65.


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