March  2006, 6(2): 339-356. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2006.6.339

Alignment and rheo-oscillator criteria for sheared nematic polymer films in the monolayer limit

1. 

Department of Mathematics, Institute for Advanced Materials, Nanoscience & Technology, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3250, United States

2. 

Department of Mathematics & Institute for Advanced Materials, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3250, United States

3. 

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, United States

Received  March 2005 Revised  September 2005 Published  December 2005

Monolayer films of liquid crystalline polymers (LCPs) are modelled with a mesoscopic two-dimensional (2D) analogue of the Doi-Hess (1981, 1976) rigid rod model. One aim is to establish a more complete solution to the classical problem of how orientational degeneracy of quiescent nematic equilibria breaks in weak shear. We exploit the simplicity of 2D liquids to extend results of Kuzuu and Doi (1983,1984), Marrucci and Maffetone (1989-1991), See, Doi and Larson (1990), Forest et al. (2003-2004). We recall the distinction between two versus three dimensional quiescent phase diagrams and the isotropic-nematic phase transition, then analyze the deformation of these respective bifurcation diagrams in shear flow. We give a simple proof that limit cycles, known as tumbling orbits, must arise beyond the parameter boundary for the steady-unsteady transition. Finally, we show the shear-perturbed 2D phase diagram is significantly more robust to closure approximations than the 3D system.
Citation: Joo Hee Lee, M. Gregory Forest, Ruhai Zhou. Alignment and rheo-oscillator criteria for sheared nematic polymer films in the monolayer limit. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2006, 6 (2) : 339-356. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2006.6.339
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