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Distributional convergence of null Lagrangians under very mild conditions

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  • We consider sequences $U^\epsilon$ in $W^{1,m}(\Omega;\RR^n)$, where $\Omega$ is a bounded connected open subset of $\RR^n$, $2\leq m\leq n$. The classical result of convergence in distribution of any null Lagrangian states, in particular, that if $U^\ep$ converges weakly in $W^{1,m}(\Omega)$ to $U$, then det$(DU^\epsilon)$ converges to det$(DU)$ in $\D'(\Omega)$. We prove convergence in distribution under weaker assumptions. We assume that the gradient of one of the coordinates of $U^\epsilon$ is bounded in the weighted space $L^2(\Omega,A^\epsilon(x)dx;\RR^n)$, where $A_\epsilon$ is a non-equicoercive sequence of symmetric positive definite matrix-valued functions, while the other coordinates are bounded in $W^{1,m}(\Omega)$. Then, any $m$-homogeneous minor of the Jacobian matrix of $U^\epsilon$ converges in distribution to a generalized minor provide that $|A_\epsilon^{-1}|^{n/2}$ converges to a Radon measure which does not load any point of $\Omega$. A counter-example shows that this latter condition cannot be removed. As a by-product we derive improved div-curl results in any dimension $n\geq 2$.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35J60, 35R05 ; Secondary: 35B27.


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