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Accurate simulations of 2-D phase shift masks with a generalized discontinuous Galerkin (GDG) method

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  • In this paper, we apply a newly developed generalized discontinuous Galerkin (GDG) method for rigorous simulations of 2-D phase shift masks (PSM). The main advantage of the GDG method is its accurate treatment of jumps in solutions using the Dirac $\delta$ generalized functions as source terms of partial differential equations. The scattering problem of the PSM is cast with a total field/scattering field formulation while the GDG method is used to handle the inhomogeneous jump conditions between the total and scattering fields along the physical and perfectly matched layer (PML) interfaces. Numerical results demonstrate the high order accuracy of the GDG method and its capability of handling the non-periodic structures such as optical images near mask edges.
    Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary: 35Q60; Secondary: 35J05.


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