# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

January  2012, 17(1): 429-444. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2012.17.429

## Blowup, global fast and slow solutions to a parabolic system with double fronts free boundary

 1 School of Mathematical Science, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002, China, China

Received  October 2010 Revised  January 2011 Published  October 2011

The purpose of this paper is to investigate a reaction-diffusion model with double fronts free boundary. Our approach to the local existence and uniqueness of the solution is based on the contraction mapping theorem. Also we study the blowup property of the solution. The result shows that blowup occurs if the initial datum is large enough. Finally the long-time behavior of global solutions is presented. It is proved that the solution is global and fast, which decays uniformly at an exponential rate if the initial datum is small, while there is a global and slow solution provided that the initial value is suitably large.
Citation: Qunying Zhang, Zhigui Lin. Blowup, global fast and slow solutions to a parabolic system with double fronts free boundary. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2012, 17 (1) : 429-444. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2012.17.429
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show all references

##### References:
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Souplet, Existence of global solutions with slow decay and unbounded free boundary for a superlinear Stefan problem,, Interfaces and Free Boundary, 3 (2001), 337.   Google Scholar [7] A. Friedman and B. Hu, Bifurcation for a free boundary problem modeling tumor growth by Stokes equation,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 39 (2007), 174.  doi: 10.1137/060656292.  Google Scholar [8] A. Friedman, B. Hu and C. Xue, Analysis of a mathematical model of ischemic cutaneous wounds,, SIAM J. Math. Anal., 42 (2010), 2013.  doi: 10.1137/090772630.  Google Scholar [9] H. Fujita, On the blowing-up of solutions of the Cauchy problem for $u_t=\Delta u+u^{1+\alpha}$,, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, 13 (1966), 109.   Google Scholar [10] H. Ghidouche, P. Souplet and D. Tarzia, Decay of global solutions, stability and blow-up for a reaction-diffusion problem with free boundary,, Proc. Am. Math. Soc., 129 (2001), 781.  doi: 10.1090/S0002-9939-00-05705-1.  Google Scholar [11] J. Goodman and D. N. Ostrov, On the early exercise boundary of the American put option,, SIAM J. Appl. Math., 62 (2002), 1823.  doi: 10.1137/S0036139900378293.  Google Scholar [12] K. Hayakawa, On nonexistence of global solutions of some semilinear parabolic equations,, Proc. Japan Acad., 49 (1973), 503.  doi: 10.3792/pja/1195519254.  Google Scholar [13] D. Hilhorst, M. Mimura and R. Schätzle, Vanishing latent heat limit in a Stefan-like problem arising in biology,, Nonlinear Anal. Real World Appl., 4 (2003), 261.  doi: 10.1016/S1468-1218(02)00009-3.  Google Scholar [14] H. Imai and H. Kawarada, Numerical analysis of a free boundary problem involving blow-up phenomena,, Proc. Joint Symp. Appl. Math., 2 (1987), 277.   Google Scholar [15] L. Jiang and M. Dai, Convergence of binomial tree methods for European/American path-dependent options,, SIAM J. Numer.Anal., 42 (2004), 1094.  doi: 10.1137/S0036142902414220.  Google Scholar [16] O. Ladyženskaja, V. Solonnikov and N. Ural'ceva, "Lineĭnye i Kvazilineĭnye Uravneniya Parabolicheskogo Tipa," (Russian) [Linear and Quasi-Linear Equations of Parabolic Type],, Izdat., (1968).   Google Scholar [17] J. Liang, B. Hu and L. Jiang, Optimal convergence rate of the binomial tree scheme for American options with jump diffusion and their free boundaries,, SIAM J. Financial Math., 1 (2010), 30.  doi: 10.1137/090746239.  Google Scholar [18] Z. Lin, A free boundary problem for a predator-prey model,, Nonlinearity, 20 (2007), 1883.  doi: 10.1088/0951-7715/20/8/004.  Google Scholar [19] G. Marinoschi, Well posedness of a time-difference scheme for a degenerate fast diffusion problem,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. B, 13 (2010), 435.  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2010.13.435.  Google Scholar [20] W. Merz and P. Rybka, A free boundary problem describing reaction-diffusion problems in chemical vapor infiltration of pyrolytic carbon,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 292 (2004), 571.  doi: 10.1016/j.jmaa.2003.12.025.  Google Scholar [21] M. Mimura, Y. Yamada and S. Yotsutani, Free boundary problems for some reaction-diffusion equations,, Hiroshima Math. J., 17 (1987), 241.   Google Scholar [22] R. Ricci and D. Tarzia, Asymptotic behavior of the solutions of the dead-core problem,, Nonlinear Anal., 13 (1989), 405.  doi: 10.1016/0362-546X(89)90047-3.  Google Scholar [23] P. Souplet, Geometry of unbounded domains, Poincaré inequalities and stability in semilinear parabolic equations,, Commun. Part. Diff. Equations, 24 (1999), 951.   Google Scholar [24] Y. Tao, A free boundary problem modeling the cell cycle and cell movement in multicellular tumor spheroids,, J. Differential Equations, 247 (2009), 49.   Google Scholar [25] F. Weissler, Existence and nonexistence of global solutions for a semilinear heat equation,, Israel J. Math., 38 (1981), 29.  doi: 10.1007/BF02761845.  Google Scholar [26] S. Xu, Analysis of a delayed free boundary problem for tumor growth,, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. B, 15 (2011), 293.  doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2011.15.293.  Google Scholar [27] F. Yi, One dimensional combustion free boundary problem,, Glasgow Mathematical Journal, 46 (2004), 63.  doi: 10.1017/S0017089503001538.  Google Scholar
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