    December  2014, 19(10): 3105-3132. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2014.19.3105

## The diffusive competition model with a free boundary: Invasion of a superior or inferior competitor

 1 School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351 2 School of Mathematical Science, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002

Received  March 2013 Revised  May 2013 Published  October 2014

In this paper we consider the diffusive competition model consisting of an invasive species with density $u$ and a native species with density $v$, in a radially symmetric setting with free boundary. We assume that $v$ undergoes diffusion and growth in $\mathbb{R}^N$, and $u$ exists initially in a ball ${r < h(0)}$, but invades into the environment with spreading front ${r = h(t)}$, with $h(t)$ evolving according to the free boundary condition $h'(t) = -\mu u_r(t, h(t))$, where $\mu>0$ is a given constant and $u(t,h(t))=0$. Thus the population range of $u$ is the expanding ball ${r < h(t)}$, while that for $v$ is $\mathbb{R}^N$. In the case that $u$ is a superior competitor (determined by the reaction terms), we show that a spreading-vanishing dichotomy holds, namely, as $t\to\infty$, either $h(t)\to\infty$ and $(u,v)\to (u^*,0)$, or $\lim_{t\to\infty} h(t)<\infty$ and $(u,v)\to (0,v^*)$, where $(u^*,0)$ and $(0, v^*)$ are the semitrivial steady-states of the system. Moreover, when spreading of $u$ happens, some rough estimates of the spreading speed are also given. When $u$ is an inferior competitor, we show that $(u,v)\to (0,v^*)$ as $t\to\infty$, so the invasive species $u$ always vanishes in the long run.
Citation: Yihong Du, Zhigui Lin. The diffusive competition model with a free boundary: Invasion of a superior or inferior competitor. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2014, 19 (10) : 3105-3132. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2014.19.3105
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##### References:
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